Quiz: Parliament

Parliament

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Question 1
How does the Australian Constitution define "Parliament"?
A
Prime Minister, Government and Opposition
B
House of Representatives and Senate
C
Queen, House of Representatives and Senate
D
Governor-General, House of Representatives and Senate
Question 1 Explanation: 
Section 1 of the Australian Constitution defines the Parliament as consisting of "the Queen, a Senate, and a House of Representatives".

The Queen, or her representative, the Governor-General is considered part of the Parliament because royal assent is required for all legislation passed by the two houses. In practice, this assent is always given because the Queen and the Governor-General act on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Question 2
How many members are there in the House of Representatives?
A
76
B
96
C
125
D
150
Question 2 Explanation: 
There are currently 150 members of the House of Representatives.
Question 3
How many members of the House of Representatives were there following the first federal election of 1901?
A
50
B
75
C
100
D
125
Question 3 Explanation: 
There were 75 members of the first House of Representatives.

In 1949, the House was increased in size to 121 members. In 1984, it was increased to 148.
Question 4
How many members of the Senate are there?
A
36
B
60
C
72
D
76
Question 4 Explanation: 
There are currently 76 senators.

Each state has 12 senators (6x12=72) and each territory has 2 senators (2x2=4)
Question 5
How many members of the Senate were there in 1901?
A
18
B
24
C
30
D
36
Question 5 Explanation: 
There were 36 senators in 1901. Each state was represented by 6 senators.
Question 6
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is known as what?
A
The President
B
The Prime Minister
C
The Speaker
D
The Governor-General
Question 7
The presiding officer of the Senate is known as what?
A
Black Rod
B
The President
C
The Speaker
D
The Leader of the Government
Question 7 Explanation: 
The President is the presiding officer of the Senate. He or she is a Senator who has been elected by the Senate.
Question 8
How long are the terms of the House of Representatives?
A
2 years
B
3 years
C
4 years
D
5 years
Question 8 Explanation: 
Section 1 of the Constitution stipulates that the House of Representatives is elected for three years.

The term dates from the first meeting of the House following an election.
Question 9
Which statement best describes the terms of territory senators, those elected in the Australian Capital Territory or the Northern Territory?
A
Territory senators serve a term concurrent with the parliament in their territory.
B
Territory senators serve a term concurrent with the House of Representatives, to a maximum of three years.
C
Territory senators serve fixed six-year terms, with half facing election every three years.
D
Territory senators serve fixed three-year terms, with all senators facing the electorate every three years.
Question 9 Explanation: 
Territory senators are elected at every House of Representatives election. Their term is concurrent with the House, to a maximum of three years.

Senators from the states are elected for fixed six-year terms, with half being chosen every three years.
Question 10
What happens when a member of the House of Representatives dies or resigns?
A
Their party nominates a person to take their place until the next general election takes place.
B
The Governor-General nominates a person to take their place until the next general election takes place.
C
The relevant State Parliament nominates a person to take their place until the next general election takes place.
D
A by-election is held, in which the people elect a replacement to represent the seat until the next general election takes places.
Question 10 Explanation: 
A by-election takes place. Members of the House who die or resign are always replaced by a new member elected by the voters in the relevant electorate.

If the vacancy occurs close to the scheduled election, a by-election may not necessarily take place.
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