Government And ALP Agree On Senate Terms; First Elected To Get 6 Years

It was reported today that the government and the ALP have agreed on the allocation of terms for the new Senate.

The reports say the Coalition and the ALP have agreed that the first six elected in each state will get 6-year terms, whilst the last six will get three-year terms. This is the procedure that has been adopted following previous double dissolutions.

The ALP and the Coalition easily have the numbers to impose this decision on the Senate. Its effect is to give six-year terms to a majority of senators from the Coalition (16 of 28), ALP (13 of 24) and Nick Xenophon Team (2 of 3).

Pauline Hanson and Jacqui Lambie will also get six-year terms. Both polled a Senate quota in their own right.

Only three of the Greens’ nine senators will receive six-year terms. Each of them – Richard Di Natale (Vic), Scott Ludlam (WA) and Peter Whish-Wilson (Tas) – represents a state where the Greens won two places. The other six senators, one in each state, will all face the electorate before June 2019. This means it is all but impossible for the Greens to increase their overall numbers at the next election. Instead, they will face the danger of losing incumbents.

Furthermore, seven of the eleven crossbench senators from minor and micro parties will receive three-year terms. They include David Leyonhjelm (Liberal Democrats), Bob Day (Family First), Derryn Hinch (Derryn Hinch’s Justice Party) and Skye Kakoschke-Moore (Nick Xenophon Team). The three One Nation senators aside from Pauline Hanson will also get the shorter term: Brian Burston, Malcolm Roberts and Rodney Culleton.

As the numbers in the table below show, the crossbenchers will struggle to retain their seats at the next election. Not only will the quota double to 14.3%, but each senator will face competition from the major and micro parties and, in some cases, one another. With fewer senators up for election, the Coalition and ALP will have a headstart on the crossbenchers. For example, the ALP will be defending just one seat in NSW and South Australia and only two in Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia. It will be favoured to pick up at least one seat. The Coalition will be defending two in each state and could reasonably expect to win a third in some states.

There are four territory senators who serve terms concurrent with the House of Representatives. They are unaffected by this decision. The Coalition and the ALP hold two positions each.

Ultimately, it is up to the Senate to decide on the allocation of long and short terms, as provided for in Section 13 of the Constitution. However, an alternative to the first-six-last-six method is contained in Section 282 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act. It provides for a recount of Senate votes as if it had been a standard half-Senate election for six places, rather than a double dissolution for twelve.

Reports say that the recount method would give Derryn Hinch a 6-year term in Victoria, at the expense of Liberal Scott Ryan, whilst the Greens’ Lee Rhiannon would have replaced the ALP’s Deb O’Neill in NSW. The order of senators in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania would be unaffected.

The next half-Senate election must be held between July 2018 and June 2019. Long-term senators will face the electorate between July 2021 and June 2022.

Long- and Short-Term Senators 2016
LONG-TERM SENATORS (6 yrs) SHORT-TERM SENATORS (3 yrs)
Party NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS TOTAL NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS TOTAL ACT/NT PARTY TOTAL
— Liberal Party
2
2
2
3
2
2
13
1
2
1
2
2
2
10
1
24
— The Nationals
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
6
Coalition
3
3
3
3
2
2
16
2
2
2
2
2
2
12
2
30
A.L.P.
3
2
2
2
2
2
13
1
2
2
2
1
3
11
2
26
Australian Greens
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
9
Pauline Hanson’s One Nation
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
Nick Xenophon Team
2
2
1
1
3
Liberal Democrats
0
1
1
1
Derryn Hinch’s Justice Party
0
1
1
1
Family First
0
1
1
1
Jacqui Lambie Network
1
1
0
1
TOTAL
6
6
6
6
6
6
36
6
6
6
6
6
6
36
4
76

 

Long-Term and Short-Term Senators 2016
State/Territory LONG-TERM SENATORS (6 yrs)
(terms expire 30-06-22)
listed by order of election
SHORT-TERM SENATORS (3 yrs)
(terms expire 30-06-19)
listed by order of election
NEW SOUTH WALES
Coalition 5
ALP 4
Greens 1
Pauline Hanson’s One Nation 1
Liberal Democrats 1
1. Marise Payne (Lib)
2. Sam Dastyari (ALP)
3. Arthur Sinodinos (Lib)
4. Jenny McAllister (ALP)
5. Fiona Nash (Nats)
6. Deborah O’Neill (ALP)
7. Concetta Fierravanti-Wells (Lib)
8. Doug Cameron (ALP)
9. Lee Rhiannon (Greens)
10. John Williams (Nats)
11. Brian Burston (One Nation)
12. David Leyonhjelm (Liberal Democrats)
VICTORIA
Coalition 5
ALP 4
Greens 2
Derryn Hinch’s Justice Party 1
1. Mitch Fifield (Lib)
2. Kim Carr (ALP)
3. Richard Di Natale (Greens)
4. Bridget McKenzie (Nats)
5. Stephen Conroy (ALP)
6. Scott Ryan (Lib)
7. Jacinta Collins (ALP)
8. James Paterson (Lib)
9. Gavin Marshall (ALP)
10. Derryn Hinch (DHJP)
11. Janet Rice (Greens)
12. Jane Hume (Lib)
QUEENSLAND
Coalition 5
ALP 4
Pauline Hanson’s One Nation 2
Greens 1
1. George Brandis (LNP -Lib)
2. Murray Watt (ALP)
3. Pauline Hanson (One Nation)
4. Matthew Canavan (LNP – Nats)
5. Anthony Chisholm (ALP)
6. James McGrath (LNP – Lib)
7. Claire Moore (ALP)
8. Ian Macdonald (LNP – Lib)
9. Larissa Waters (Greens)
10. Barry O’Sullivan (LNP – Nats)
11. Chris Ketter (ALP)
12. Malcolm Roberts (One Nation)
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Coalition 5
ALP 4
Greens 2
Pauline Hanson’s One Nation 1
1. Mathias Cormann (Lib)
2. Sue Lines (ALP)
3. Scott Ludlam (Greens)
4. Michaelia Cash (Lib)
5. Glenn Sterle (ALP)
6. Dean Smith (Lib)
7. Patrick Dodson (ALP)
8. Linda Reynolds (Lib)
9. Chris Back (Lib)
10. Louise Pratt (ALP)
11. Rodney Culleton (One Nation)
12. Rachel Siewert (Greens)
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Coalition 4
ALP 3
Nick Xenophon Team 3
Greens 1
Family First 1
1. Simon Birmingham (Lib)
2. Penny Wong (ALP)
3. Nick Xenophon (NXT)
4. Cory Bernardi (Lib)
5. Don Farrell (ALP)
6. Stirling Griff (NXT)
7. Anne Ruston (Lib)
8. Alex Gallacher (ALP)
9. David Fawcett (Lib)
10. Skye Kakoschke-Moore (NXT)
11. Sarah Hanson-Young (Greens)
12. Bob Day (Family First)
TASMANIA
ALP 5
Coalition 4
Greens 2
Jacqui Lambie Network 1
1. Eric Abetz (Lib)
2. Anne Urquhart (ALP)
3. Peter Whish-Wilson (Greens)
4. Jacqui Lambie (JLN)
5. Stephen Parry (Lib)
6. Helen Polley (ALP)
7. Jonathon Duniam (Lib)
8. Carol Brown (ALP)
9. David Bushby (Lib)
10. Lisa Singh (ALP)
11. Catryna Bilyk (ALP)
12. Nick McKim (Greens)
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
Coalition 1
ALP 1
1. Katy Gallagher (ALP)
2. Zed Seselja (Lib)
NORTHERN TERRITORY
Coalition 1
ALP 1
1. Malarndirri McCarthy (ALP)
2. Nigel Scullion (CLP – Nats)

 

More Detailed Information On Senate Results

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