Quiz: Australian Prime Ministers At War

Australian Prime Ministers (2)

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Question 1
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 1?
A
Alfred Deakin
B
Andrew Fisher
C
Joseph Cook
D
William Morris Hughes
Question 1 Explanation: 
Joseph Cook was Liberal Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 1. Australia was in the middle of an election campaign when war was declared. Cook was defeated by the ALP's Andrew Fisher who is now remembered for promising that Australia would fight to its "last man and its last shilling".
Question 2
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 2?
A
Joseph Lyons
B
Earle Page
C
Robert Menzies
D
Arthur Fadden
Question 2 Explanation: 
Robert Menzies was prime minister at the outbreak of World War 2 in September 1939. Menzies assumed the position earlier in the year following the death of Joe Lyons and a brief period under Earle Page.

Menzies governed for just over 2 years before being forced to resign. He was replaced by Arthur Fadden, who held office for 40 days until he was voted out by the House of Representatives and John Curtin formed a Labor government.
Question 3
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of the Korean War?
A
Ben Chifley
B
Robert Menzies
C
Harold Holt
D
John Gorton
Question 3 Explanation: 
Menzies was prime minister when the Korean War began in 1950. It was just six months since Menzies had defeated the Labor government led by Ben Chifley.

17,000 Australian troops fought in the war, under the command of the United Nations. The war ended with an armistice in 1953.
Question 4
Who was Prime Minister at the oubreak of the Vietnam War?
A
Robert Menzies
B
Harold Holt
C
John Gorton
D
William McMahon
Question 4 Explanation: 
Robert Menzies was prime minister when the Vietnam war began in 1955. He was still prime minister in 1965 when Australia committed troops to the war and introduced conscription.
Question 5
Who was Prime Minister at the out break of the Gulf War, also known as Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 5 Explanation: 
Bob Hawke was prime minister when the Gulf War began on August 2, 1990.
Operation Desert Storm ended on February 28, 1991, when Coalition forces led by the United States ended Iraq's annexation of Kuwait.
Question 6
Who was PM at the outbreak of the US war in Afghanistan, following the September 11 (9/11) attacks?
A
Paul Keating
B
John Howard
C
Kevin Rudd
D
Julia Gillard
Question 6 Explanation: 
John Howard was prime minister at the outbreak of the US attacks and invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US.

Australian forces joined the conflict during Operation Slipper in late 2001. The war was extended in 2003 when NATO forces joined. Combat operations formally ended in December 2014.
Question 7
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of the Iraq War, the conflict that toppled Saddam Hussein?
A
Bob Hawke
B
Paul Keating
C
John Howard
D
Kevin Rudd
Question 7 Explanation: 
John Howard was prime minister on March 20, 2003 when the Iraq War began.

The "shock and awe" invasion of Iraq by a Coalition of forces, including Australia, was led by the United States and overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. American occupation of Iraq ended in 2011.
Question 8
Who was Prime Minister when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour in World War 2?
A
Robert Menzies
B
Arthur Fadden
C
John Curtin
D
Ben Chifley
Question 8 Explanation: 
John Curtin was prime minister on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour and precipitated the entry of the United States into the war.

Curtin had been prime minister for exactly two months when the attack took place.
Question 9
Who was prime minister when the Berlin Wall fell?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 9 Explanation: 
Bob Hawke was prime minister when the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989.
Question 10
Who was prime minister when the Soviet Union disintegrated?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Soviet Union was dissolved on December 26, 1991. Paul Keating had been prime minister for six days, having defeated Bob Hawke in a leadership challenge on December 19.
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There are 10 questions to complete.

Quiz: Australian Prime Ministers

Australian Prime Ministers

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Question 1
How many Labor prime ministers have there been since 1901?
A
9
B
10
C
11
D
12
Question 1 Explanation: 
12 of Australia's 28 prime ministers have represented the Australian Labor Party.

The first was John Christian Watson in 1904. He was followed by Andrew Fisher in 1908, who formed the first majority Labor government in 1910 and the first majority government since Federation. After his third term, Fisher was succeeded by William Morris Hughes, who subsequently split the party over conscription and joined with his conservative opponents. James Scullin won office in 1929 and was followed by John Curtin in 1941, Frank Forde in 1945 and Ben Chifley in 1945. Following a long period in opposition, Gough Whitlam won office in 1972 and was followed by Bob Hawke in 1983, Paul Keating in 1991, Kevin Rudd in 2007 and Julia Gillard in 2010.
Question 2
Which prime minister served the shortest term in office?
A
Arthur Fadden
B
Earle Page
C
Frank Forde
D
John McEwen
Question 2 Explanation: 
Frank Forde was prime minister for 8 days in 1945, following the death of John Curtin. Forde was deputy leader of the ALP but the party chose Ben Chifley to be the new leader.

Fadden was PM for 1 month, 9 days, McEwen for 23 days and Page for 20 days.
Question 3
Which prime minister contested the most elections as leader of his or her party?
A
Bob Hawke
B
John Howard
C
Robert Menzies
D
Alfred Deakin
Question 3 Explanation: 
Menzies. He contested 9 elections as leader of the United Australia Party (1940) and the Liberal Party (1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961 and 1963). He won 8 of these - 1946 was his only defeat.

His 7 consecutive victories between 1949 and 1963 is unlikely ever to be matched.
Question 4
Who was the first incumbent or former prime minister to die?
A
Edmund Barton
B
Alfred Deakin
C
John "Chris" Watson
D
George Reid
Question 4 Explanation: 
Australia's 4th prime minister, George Reid, was the first to die, in 1918.

He was followed by Alfred Deakin in 1919 and Edmund Barton in 1920. Watson died in 1941.
Question 5
How many Australian Prime Ministers subsequently served as High Commissioner to London?
A
1
B
2
C
3
D
4
Question 5 Explanation: 
4. George Reid (1910-16), Andrew Fisher (1916-20), Joseph Cook (1821-27) and Stanley Melbourne Bruce (1933-45) all served as High Commissioner to London after first serving as prime minister.
Question 6
Which Australian prime minister lived the longest and also lived the longest time after leaving office?
A
William Morris Hughes
B
Stanley Melbourne Bruce
C
Frank Forde
D
Gough Whitlam
Question 6 Explanation: 
Gough Whitlam holds both records. He was 98 when he died in October 2014. He had lived for 38 years and 11 months after being dismissed on November 11, 1975.
Question 7
How many prime ministers have held office more than once, in non-consecutive terms?
A
2
B
3
C
4
D
5
Question 7 Explanation: 
4. Alfred Deakin, Andrew Fisher, Robert Menzies and Kevin Rudd all held office more than once in non-consecutive terms. Deakin and Fisher each had 3 terms, whilst Menzies and Rudd had 2.
Question 8
Which prime minister won the largest-ever victory, in terms of seats, in the House of Representatives?
A
Bob Hawke
B
Malcolm Fraser
C
Harold Holt
D
Joseph Lyons
Question 8 Explanation: 
Malcolm Fraser. In 1975, Fraser's Liberal-National coalition won 91 of the 127 seats in the House of Representatives - 71.65%. Fraser had been Opposition Leader but fought the election as prime minister following the Governor-General's dismissal of Gough Whitlam on November 11.
Question 9
How many prime ministers took office for the first time after leading their party/parties to victory at a general election?
A
8
B
10
C
12
D
14
Question 9 Explanation: 
8. Joseph Cook (1913), James Scullin (1929), Joseph Lyons (1931), Gough Whitlam (1972), Bob Hawke (1983), John Howard (1996), Kevin Rudd (2007) and Tony Abbott (2013) all led their parties to victory at general elections and became prime minister for the first time.

Stanley Melbourne Bruce became PM after the 1922 election, but he had not led his party during the election. When the Nationalists failed to secure an outright majority, the Country Party insisted on Hughes's replacement as their price for supporting the government.

Menzies led the coalition to victory in 1949 but he had previously become PM following the death of Lyons.
Question 10
Of Australia's 28 prime ministers (including Tony Abbott), how many were born in the 20th century?
A
10
B
12
C
14
D
16
Question 10 Explanation: 
12. Most of Australia's 28 PMs were born in the 19th century.

Those born in the 20th century were: John McEwen (1900), William McMahon (1908), Harold Holt (1908), John Gorton (1911), Gough Whitlam (1916), Bob Hawke (1929), Malcolm Fraser (1930), John Howard (1939), Paul Keating (1944), Kevin Rudd (1957), Tony Abbott (1957) and Julia Gillard (1961).
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Tony Abbott’s Remarks At G20 Leaders’ Retreat

Prime Minister Tony Abbott has welcomed world leaders to the G20 meeting in Brisbane.

AbbottSpeaking in the former Legislative Council chamber of the Queensland Parliament, Abbott said: “This room symbolises the limitations on our power.”

Abbott emphasised the importance of economic reform. He told the gathering his government had repealed the carbon tax, stopped the “illegal boats”, started building roads and getting the Budget under control.

Abbott said the deregulation of universities was an issue he wished to lay before his “colleague leaders”. He said his government had found it difficult “to inject more price signals into our health system” via a $7 co-payment.

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Transcript of remarks by Prime Minister Tony Abbott to the G20 Leaders’ Retreat at Parliament House, Brisbane.

Remarks at G20 Leaders’ Retreat, Brisbane

Thank you, everyone. It’s a real honour to have so many of you here in the beautiful city of Brisbane for this first ever G20 leaders’ retreat. [Read more…]


Abbott, Pragmatic Nationalist, Proposes Modest Reform Of Federation

Describing himself as a “pragmatic nationalist”, Prime Minister Tony Abbott says he believes it is worth another try to “harmonise” the revenue and spending responsibilities of the States and the Commonwealth.

ParkesAbbott spoke at the Sir Henry Parkes Commemorative Dinner in Tenterfield, NSW. On October 24 1889, Parkes, a five-time premier of NSW, delivered his famous Tenterfield Oration, a call for the colonies to federate.

Abbott said: “Now I remain a pragmatic nationalist – but the states exist, they have wide powers under the constitution and they can’t be abolished; so – rather than pursue giving the Commonwealth more authority over the states, as I proposed in my 2009 book, Battlelines – better harmonising revenue and spending responsibilities is well worth another try.”

Abbott said he used to think that “the states should become subordinate legislatures to the Commonwealth”, but he now doubted that “any such constitutional change could succeed”. He said: “…in any event, it’s a good principle to propose the smallest change that will actually tackle the problem – that’s why resolving the mismatch between what the states are supposed to deliver and what they can actually afford to pay for is worth another go.” [Read more…]


Widodo Inauguration: Abbott Stresses Jakarta Focus In Foreign Policy

Prime Minister Tony Abbott has flown to Indonesia to attend the inauguration of its new President, Joko Widodo.

In his weekly video message, Abbott repeated his earlier remarks that “our foreign policy needs a ‘Jakarta’ focus rather than a ‘Geneva’ one”.

He said one million Australians visit Indonesia each year. “It has the world’s largest Muslim population, it is the world’s third largest democracy and, along with India, it’s the emerging democratic superpower of Asia.”

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Transcript of Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s weekly video message.

Today I am going to Indonesia for the Inauguration of its new President – Joko Widodo.

The transition to a new administration highlights Indonesia’s successful move to a popularly elected democracy. [Read more…]


Cormann Says Shorten Is An Economic Girlie Man

The Minister for Finance, Senator Mathias Cormann, today described Opposition Leader Bill Shorten as an “economic girlie man”.

Cormann

Interviewed on the Sky News Agenda program, Cormann was asked about comments by Opposition Leader Bill Shorten that a budget surplus was more likely under a Labor government “than this current mob”.

Cormann said: “He’s dreaming. I mean the Labor Party has not delivered a surplus in Australia for 25 years. The problem that the Labor Party has today is that Bill Shorten is an economic girlie man. He doesn’t have what it takes to repair the Budget mess that they have left behind.”

Husic

ALP Shadow Parliamentary Secretary to the Shadow Treasurer, Ed Husic, also appeared on the program. He said Cormann should stop the “juvenile name-calling” and deal with the Budget. “The Terminator should become the Deodoriser and get the stink out of his budget,” Husic said.

Cormann’s remarks set off a Saturday media flurry. Allegations of sexism were aired on social media.

Cormann’s Belgian accent is often compared to that of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s film character The Terminator.

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Transcript of Finance Minister Senator Mathias Cormann’s interview with David Lipson on Sky News Agenda.

DAVID LIPSON: G’day, welcome to the program, I am David Lipson. It is six months since the Budget was handed down and there are still more than $28 billion in savings being held up in the Senate. And though the House of Representatives returns next week, the crucial Senate has only three sitting weeks left before the summer break. The Government insists it hasn’t given up the fight but each day that passes equates to savings lost. And Labor which along with the cross bench is blocking the savings even claimed this week, rather flippantly; it could deliver a surplus sooner than the Coalition. Here is Bill Shorten with David Speers earlier this week: [Read more…]


Government Announces Industry Innovation And Competitiveness Agenda

The Federal Government today announced an Industry Innovation and Competitiveness Agenda.

Abbott

Speaking at a press conference in Canberra, the Prime Minister, Tony Abbott and the Minister for Industry, Ian Macfarlane, announced a series of measures to life apprenticeship rates and encourage employee share ownership. The plan also aims to promote science and technology skills in school, reform the 457 visas programme, and establish Industry Growth Centres.

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Statement from Ian Macfarlane, Minister for Industry.

Strengthening Australia’s competitiveness is the key to our future prosperity. [Read more…]


Hockey Talks Of Economic Reform In Speech To London Institute

The Treasurer, Joe Hockey, has addressed the Institute of Economic Affairs in London on the future of the Australian economy.

HockeyIn his speech, Hockey discussed the importance of economic change. “Economies, and their enterprises, that are slow to adapt will be left behind,” he said.

Hockey compared Ford and Google: “The Ford Motor Company, which revolutionised manufacturing and the auto industry in the 20th century, currently has a market capitalisation of $53 billion after 110 years of operation. Google is more than 7 times larger in just 15 years.”

Structural reform will “lay the foundation for a more promising and secure future,” Hockey said. “Over the next decade, the traditional macroeconomic levers of monetary and fiscal policy will not deliver enduring growth… With fiscal policy constrained and monetary policy limited, the only alternative to facilitate growth is to undertake further structural reform in response to global change. Structural reform is indeed the key plank of Australia’s economic strategy under the Abbott Government.” [Read more…]


We Shirtfront The Tsar; Abbott Says He Will Confront Putin Over MH17 At G20

Prime Minister Tony Abbott says he will “shirtfront” Russian President Vladimir Putin over the shooting of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17.

Abbott

Abbott made his comments at a media conference at Caval Ridge Mine in the Queensland electorate of Capricornia, held by Michelle Landry. He defended and praised the coal mining industry.

On Putin, Abbott said: “Look, I’m going to shirtfront Mr Putin – you bet I am. I’m going to be saying to Mr Putin – Australians were murdered and they were murdered by Russian-backed rebels using Russian supplied equipment. We are very unhappy about this. We accept that you didn’t want this to happen, but we now demand that you fully cooperate with the criminal investigation, and if the criminal investigation identifies suspects that you have some influence over, they’ve got to be produced and justice has got to be done.” [Read more…]


Pyne Releases Review Of National Curriculum

The Minister for Education, Christopher Pyne, has released the Review of the Australian Curriculum.

Pyne

The review was conducted by Dr. Kevin Donnelly and Dr. Ken Wiltshire.

The report says that there is too much content in the curriculum, especially in primary school years. It says some aspects of the curriculum make teaching it complicated. It says there are content gaps in the curriculum and calls for parents to be more closely involved in what their children learn. It says there needs to be improved accessibility for all students, including those with disabilities and special needs. [Read more…]