Prime Ministers And Living Ex-Prime Ministers

This table shows how many former prime ministers were alive during the terms of subsequent prime ministers.

The record was created on two occasions in the 1940s, when eight former prime ministers were alive.

The first occasion was in Oct-Nov 1941, during the first five weeks of John Curtin’s prime ministership. Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook and Watson were still living. Five of the ex-leaders remained in parliament at that time, including Menzies, who would return as PM in 1949.

The second occasion was the period between July 1945 and July 1947, the first two years of Ben Chifley’s prime ministership. Forde, Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes and Cook were still living. For most of this period, six of the ex-leaders were still in parliament.

Three prime ministers (Lyons, Curtin and Holt) have died in office. Two former prime ministers (Chifley and Hughes) were still in parliament when they died.

Currently, all six former prime ministers since March 1983 are still living: Hawke, Keating, Howard, Rudd, Gillard and Abbott. Only Abbott remains in the parliament.

The table shows the dates and names of every living ex-prime minister during the term of every incumbent PM. A name in bold indicates that the former PM was still in parliament. A date indicates when the PM left parliament.

Incumbent and Living Ex-Prime Ministers
FROM TO INCUMBENT PM Ex-PMs NAMES OF LIVING EX-PMs
(BOLD = still in Parliament)
(dates = left Parliament)
CHANGE
Jan 01, 1901
Sep 24, 1903
Edmund Barton
First prime minister
Sep 24, 1903
Apr 27, 1904
Alfred Deakin
1
Barton (16/12/03) Deakin replaced Barton 24/09/03
Apr 27, 1904
Aug 18, 1904
Chris Watson
2
Deakin, Barton Watson replaced Deakin 27/04/04
Aug 18, 1904
Jul 05, 1905
George Reid
3
Watson, Deakin, Barton Reid replaced Watson 18/08/04
Jul 05, 1905
Nov 13, 1908
Alfred Deakin
3
Reid, Watson, Barton Deakin replaced Fisher 05/07/05
Nov 13, 1908
Jun 02, 1909
Andrew Fisher
4
Reid, Watson, Deakin, Barton Fisher replaced Deakin 13/11/08
Jun 02, 1909
Apr 29, 1910
Alfred Deakin
4
Fisher, Reid (13/04/10), Watson (13/04/10), Barton Deakin replaced Fisher 02/06/09
Apr 29, 1910
Jun 24, 1913
Andrew Fisher
4
Reid, Watson, Deakin (31/05/13), Barton Fisher won election 13/04/10
Jun 24, 1913
Sep 17, 1914
Joseph Cook
5
Fisher, Reid, Watson, Deakin, Barton Cook won election 31/05/13
Sep 17, 1914
Oct 27, 1915
Andrew Fisher
5
Cook, Reid, Watson, Deakin, Barton Fisher won election 05/09/14
Oct 27, 1915
Sep 12, 1918
W.M. Hughes
6
Fisher (11/12/15), Cook, Reid, Watson, Deakin, Barton Fisher resigned 27/10/15
Sep 12, 1918
Oct 07, 1919
W.M. Hughes
5
Fisher, Cook, Watson, Deakin, Barton Reid died 12/09/18
Oct 07, 1919
Jan 07, 1920
W.M. Hughes
4
Fisher, Cook, Watson, Barton Deakin died 07/10/19
Jan 07, 1920
Feb 09, 1923
W.M. Hughes
3
Fisher, Cook (10/12/21), Watson Barton died 07/01/20
Feb 09, 1923
Oct 22, 1928
Stanley Bruce
4
Hughes, Fisher, Cook, Watson Bruce replaced Hughes 09/02/23
Oct 22, 1928
Oct 22, 1929
Stanley Bruce
3
Hughes, Cook, Watson Fisher died 22/10/28
Oct 22, 1929
Jan 06, 1932
James Scullin
4
Bruce, Hughes, Cook, Watson Scullin won election 12/10/29
Jan 06, 1932
Apr 07, 1939
Joseph Lyons
5
Scullin, Bruce (11/11/33), Hughes, Cook, Watson Lyons won election 19/12/31
Apr 07, 1939
Apr 26, 1939
Earle Page
5
Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook, Watson Lyons died 07/04/39
Apr 26, 1939
Aug 29, 1941
Robert Menzies
6
Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook, Watson Menzies elected UAP leader 26/04/39
Aug 29, 1941
Oct 07, 1941
Arthur Fadden
7
Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook, Watson Fadden replaced Menzies 29/08/41
Oct 07, 1941
Nov 18, 1941
John Curtin
8
Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook, Watson Curtin replaced Fadden 07/10/41
Nov 18, 1941
Jul 05, 1945
John Curtin
7
Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook Watson died 18/11/41
Jul 06, 1945
Jul 13, 1945
Frank Forde
7
Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook Curtin died 05/07/45
Jul 13, 1945
Jul 30, 1947
Ben Chifley
8
Forde (28/09/46), Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes, Cook Chifley elected ALP leader 13/07/45
Jul 30, 1947
Dec 19, 1949
Ben Chifley
7
Forde, Fadden, Menzies, Page, Scullin (10/12/49), Bruce, Hughes Cook died 30/07/47
Dec 19, 1949
Jun 13, 1951
Robert Menzies
7
Chifley, Forde, Fadden, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes Menzies won election 10/12/49
Jun 13, 1951
Oct 28, 1952
Robert Menzies
6
Forde, Fadden, Page, Scullin, Bruce, Hughes Chifley died 13/06/51
Oct 28, 1952
Jan 28, 1953
Robert Menzies
5
Forde, Fadden, Page, Scullin, Bruce Hughes died 28/10/52
Jan 28, 1953
Dec 20, 1961
Robert Menzies
4
Forde, Fadden (22/11/58), Page (09/12/61), Bruce Scullin died 28/01/53
Dec 20, 1961
Jan 26, 1966
Robert Menzies
3
Forde, Fadden, Bruce Page died 20/10/61
Jan 26, 1966
Aug 25, 1967
Harold Holt
4
Menzies (16/02/66), Forde, Fadden, Bruce Menzies retired 26/01/66
Aug 25, 1967
Dec 19, 1967
Harold Holt
3
Menzies, Forde, Fadden Bruce died 25/08/67
Dec 19, 1967
Jan 10, 1968
John McEwen
3
Menzies, Forde, Fadden Holt died 17/12/67
Jan 10, 1968
Mar 10, 1971
John Gorton
4
McEwen, Menzies, Forde, Fadden Gorton elected Liberal leader 10/01/68
Mar 10, 1971
Dec 05, 1972
William McMahon
5
Gorton, McEwen (20/03/71), Menzies, Forde, Fadden McMahon overthrew Gorton 10/03/71
Dec 05, 1972
Apr 21, 1973
Gough Whitlam
6
McMahon, Gorton, McEwen, Menzies, Forde, Fadden Whitlam won election 02/12/72
Apr 21, 1973
Nov 11, 1975
Gough Whitlam
5
McMahon, Gorton (11/11/75), McEwen, Menzies, Forde Fadden died 21/04/73
Nov 11, 1975
May 15, 1978
Malcolm Fraser
6
Whitlam, McMahon, Gorton, McEwen, Menzies, Forde Fraser replaced Whitlam 11/11/75
May 15, 1978
Nov 20, 1980
Malcolm Fraser
5
Whitlam (31/07/78), McMahon, Gorton, McEwen, Forde Menzies died 15/05/78
Nov 20, 1980
Jan 28, 1983
Malcolm Fraser
4
Whitlam, McMahon (13/03/82), Gorton, Forde John McEwen died 20/11/80
Jan 28, 1983
Mar 11, 1983
Malcolm Fraser
3
Whitlam, McMahon, Gorton Forde died 28/01/83
Mar 11, 1983
Mar 31, 1988
Bob Hawke
4
Fraser (07/05/83), Whitlam, McMahon, Gorton Hawke won election 05/03/83
Mar 31, 1988
Dec 20, 1991
Bob Hawke
3
Fraser, Whitlam, Gorton McMahon died 31/03/88
Dec 20, 1991
Mar 11, 1996
Paul Keating
4
Hawke (20/02/92), Fraser, Whitlam, Gorton Keating overthrew Hawke 19/12/91
Mar 11, 1996
May 19, 2002
John Howard
5
Keating (23/04/96), Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam, Gorton Howard won election 02/03/96
May 19, 2002
Dec 03, 2007
John Howard
4
Keating, Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam Gorton died 19/05/02
Dec 03, 2007
Jun 24, 2010
Kevin Rudd
5
Howard (24/11/07), Keating, Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam Rudd won election 24/11/07
June 24, 2010
June 27, 2013
Julia Gillard
6
Rudd, Howard, Keating, Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam Gillard overthrew Rudd 24/06/10
Jun 27, 2013
Sep 18, 2013
Kevin Rudd
6
Gillard (05/08/13), Howard, Keating, Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam Rudd overthrew Gillard 26/06/13
Sep 18, 2013
Oct 21, 2014
Tony Abbott
7
Rudd (22/11/13), Gillard, Howard, Keating, Hawke, Fraser, Whitlam Abbott won election 07/09/13
Oct 21, 2014
Mar 20, 2015
Tony Abbott
6
Rudd, Gillard, Howard, Keating, Hawke, Fraser Whitlam died 21/10/14
Mar 20, 2015
Sep 15, 2015
Tony Abbott
5
Rudd, Gillard, Howard, Keating, Hawke Fraser died 20/03/15
Sep 15, 2015
Malcolm Turnbull
6
Abbott, Rudd, Gillard, Howard, Keating, Hawke Turnbull overthrew Abbott 14/9/15

 

Print Friendly