Terms of Australian Prime Ministers Since 1901

This table shows all of Australia’s 29 prime ministers by the length of their time in office.

Four prime ministers have served non-consecutive terms of office: Deakin (3), Fisher (3), Menzies (2) and Rudd (2). They are ordered by their total time as prime minister.

Former Prime Minister Tony Abbott was the 19th longest-serving prime minister. He reached that mark on August 10, 2015. He was deposed as Liberal Party leader by Malcolm Turnbull on September 14, 2015.

Malcolm Turnbull became the 23rd longest-serving prime minister on August 3, 2016, surpassing George Reid. Following the 2016 federal election, Turnbull returned to government with a one-seat majority. On December 10, 2016, he will overtake Joseph Cook, the first prime minister to win an election by one seat. None of the PMs Turnbull has so far overtaken won an election.


Australian Prime Ministers Since 1901 – by length of time in office
No. Name Party Period in Office Length of term
1
Menzies, Robert Gordon
Lib
26.04.39 – 29.08.41
19.12.49 – 26.01.66
2 years, 4 months, 4 days
16 years, 1 month, 8 days
Total: 18 years, 5 months, 12 days
2
Howard, John Winston
Lib
11.03.96 – 03.12.07
11 years, 8 months, 22 days
3
Hawke, Robert James Lee
ALP
11.03.83 – 20.12.91
8 years, 9 months, 9 days
4
Fraser, John Malcolm
Lib
11.11.75 – 11.03.83
7 years, 4 months
5
Hughes, William Morris
ALP
Nat
27.10.15 – 09.02.23
7 years, 3 months, 14 days
6
Lyons, Joseph Aloysius
UAP
06.01.32 – 07.04.39
7 years, 3 months, 2 days
7
Bruce, Stanley Melbourne
Nat
09.02.23 – 22.10.29
6 years, 8 months, 14 days
8
Deakin, Alfred
Prot
Lib
24.09.03 – 27.04.04
05.07.05 – 13.11.08
02.06.09 – 29.04.10
7 months, 4 days
3 years, 4 months, 9 days
10 months, 28 days
Total: 4 years, 10 months, 10 days
9
Fisher, Andrew
ALP
13.11.08 – 02.06.09
29.04.10 – 24.06.13
17.09.14 – 27.10.15
6 months, 21 days
3 years, 1 month, 26 days
1 year, 1 months, 11 days
Total: 4 years 9 months, 28 days
10
Chifley, Joseph Benedict
ALP
13.07.45 – 19.12.49
4 years, 5 months, 7 days
11
Keating, Paul John
ALP
20.12.91 – 11.03.96
4 years, 2 months, 20 days
12
Curtin, John
ALP
07.10.41 – 05.07.45
3 years, 8 months, 29 days
13
Gorton, John Grey
Lib
10.01.68 – 10.03.71
3 years, 2 months
14
Gillard, Julia Eileen
ALP
24.06.10 – 27.06.13
3 years, 3 days
15
Whitlam, Edward Gough
ALP
05.12.72 – 11.11.75
2 years, 11 months, 7 days
16
Rudd, Kevin Michael
ALP
03.12.07 – 24.06.10
27.06.13 – 18.09.13
2 years, 6 months, 22 days
2 months, 22 days
Total: 2 years, 9 months, 12 days
17
Barton, Edmund
Prot
01.01.01 – 24.09.03
2 years, 8 months, 24 days
18
Scullin, James Henry
ALP
22.10.29 – 06.01.32
2 years, 2 months, 16 days
19
Abbott, Anthony John
Lib
18.09.13 – 15.09.15
1 year, 11 months, 28 days
20
Holt, Harold Edward
Lib
26.01.66 – 19.12.67
1 year, 10 months, 23 days
21
McMahon, William
Lib
10.03.71 – 05.12.72
1 year, 8 months, 25 days
22
Cook, Joseph
Lib
24.06.13 – 17.09.14
1 year, 2 months, 25 days
23
Turnbull, Malcolm Bligh
Lib
15.09.15 –
24
Reid, George Houston
FT
18.08.04 – 05.07.05
10 months, 18 days
25
Watson, John Christian
ALP
27.04.04 – 17.08.04
3 months, 21 days
26
Fadden, Arthur William
CP
29.08.41 – 07.10.41
1 month, 9 days
27
McEwen, John
CP
19.12.67 – 10.01.68
23 days
28
Page, Earle Christmas Grafton
CP
07.04.39 – 26.04.39
20 days
29
Forde, Francis Michael
ALP
06.07.45 – 13.07.45
8 days



Legend:
ALP = Australian Labor Party
CP = Country Party
FT = Free Trade (fused with Protectionists to form Liberal Party in 1909)
LP = Liberal Party (first formed in 1909 from Free Traders & Protectionists; reformed in 1944 to replace UAP)
NAT = Nationalist (formed out of Liberal Party and ALP defectors in 1916)
PROT = Protectionist (fused with Free Traders to form Liberal Party in 1909)
UAP = United Australia Party (formed out of Nationalists and ALP defectors in 1931)

Print Friendly