House Of Representatives Members – 8th Parliament 1919-1922

This is the full list of members who served in the eighth House of Representatives from 1919 until 1922.

In a 75-member chamber, the Nationalist Party government of Prime Minister William Morris Hughes was re-elected at the December 13, 1919 election, winning 37 (-16) seats to the ALP’s 25 (+3). Newly-formed “country” parties (state-based) won 11 seats and there were two independents. Whilst the Hughes government technically lost its outright majority, it nevertheless commanded a comfortable majority in the House.

The Nationalists polled 45.07% of the primary vote, a loss of 9.15%. The ALP, led by Frank Tudor, polled 42.49%, a decrease of 1.45%. The “country” parties polled 9.26%. In the first federal election to use compulsory preferential voting, the Nationalists polled an estimated 54.10% of the two-party-preferred vote, to the ALP’s 45.90%.

Two referendums were held in conjunction with the election. They sought to extend Commonwealth power over trade and commerce, corporation, industrial matters, trusts and monopolies. Both were defeated with Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia voting Yes to each question and New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania voting No.

There were six by-elections in the Eighth Parliament. One former prime minister retired, one future prime minister returned and the incumbent Opposition Leader died.

  • Ballaarat (Vic) – 1920 – At the 1919 election, Edwin Kerby (Nat) won Ballaarat by one vote against the sitting member, David McGrath (ALP), who challenged the result. The election was voided and McGrath won the by-election.
  • Kalgoorlie (WA) – 1920 – At the instigation of Hughes, Hugh Mahon (ALP) was expelled by a vote of the House. George Foley (Nat) won the by-election.
  • Maranoa (Qld) – 1921 – Jim Page (ALP) had held Maranoa since 1901, winning eight elections. After his death, the by-election was won by the Country Party’s James Hunter.
  • West Sydney (NSW) – 1921 – T.J. (Tom) Ryan was seen as a future Labor leader. Asked by a special resolution of the ALP federal conference to enter federal politics, he won West Sydney in 1919 but died less than two years later. William Lambert (ALP) won the by-election.
  • Parramatta (NSW) – 1921 – Former PM Joseph Cook (Nat) resigned and took up the position of High Commissioner in London. Herbert Pratten (Nat) won the by-election.
  • Yarra (Vic) – 1921 – The leader of the ALP, Frank Tudor, died. A future Labor prime minister, James Scullin, formerly the member for Corangamite (1910-1913) won the by-election. Ryan’s death just five months earlier deprived the ALP of its preferred leader and Matthew Charlton was elected instead.

The first table shows the state-by-state breakdown of the House following the 1917 election. See below for some explanations of the difficulties in designating party affiliations.

The second table lists the 81 members who served in the 8th House of Representatives, 75 elected at the general election in 1919, plus six who entered via by-elections.

1919 Federal Election Results
Party NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS Totals
AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY
13
6
3
2
1
25
NATIONALIST PARTY
12
10
7
5
3
5
42
“COUNTRY” PARTIES
1
4
1
6
INDEPENDENTS
1
1
2
TOTALS
27
21
10
7
5
5
75

 

Members of the 8th House of Representatives 1919-1922
No. Name Party Seat Term Began Term
Ended
Birth Death Age
AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY MEMBERS
1.
Frank Anstey
ALP
MLA East Bourke (Vic)
MLA Brunswick (Vic)
Bourke (Vic)
01.10.1902
01.06.1904
13.04.1910
01.05.1904
01.02.1910
07.08.1934
18.08.1865
31.10.1940
75
2.
Arthur Blakeley
ALP
Darling (NSW)
05.05.1917
15.09.1934
03.07.1886
27.06.1972
85
3.
Frank Brennan
ALP
Batman (Vic)
08.02.1911
15.09.1934
19.12.1931
31.10.1949
xx.xx.1873
06.11.1950
76-77
4.
James Catts
ALP
Maj Lab
Cook (NSW)
12.12.1906
16.12.1922
12.08.1877
26.11.1951
74
5.
Matthew Charlton
ALP
MLA Waratah (NSW)
MLA Northumberland (NSW)
Hunter (NSW)
05.12.1903
06.08.1904
13.04.1910
16.07.1904
28.02.1910
09.10.1928
15.03.1866
08.12.1948
82
6.
Lucien (Lou) Cunningham
ALP
Gwydir (NSW)
MLA Coogee (NSW)
13.12.1919
12.10.1929
10.05.1941
14.11.1925
19.12.1931
23.03.1948
04.06.1889
23.03.1948
58
7.
James Fenton
ALP
UAP
Maribyrnong (Vic)
13.04.1910
15.09.1934
04.02.1864
02.12.1950
86
8.
Moses Gabb
ALP
Angas (SA)
13.12.1919
12.10.1929
14.11.1925
07.08.1934
21.11.1882
06.03.1951
68
9.
William Higgs
ALP
Ind
Nat
MLA Fortitude Valley (Qld)
Senate (Qld)
Capricornia (Qld)
11.03.1899
30.03.1901
13.04.1910
17.07.1901
31.12.1906
15.12.1922
18.01.1862
11.06.1951
89
10.
William Lambert
ALP
West Sydney (NSW)
03.09.1921
06.09.1928
24.03.1881
06.09.1928
47
11.
Thomas Lavelle
ALP
Lang Labor
ALP
Calare (NSW)
13.12.1919
16.12.1922
02.12.1887
24.05.1947
86
12.
Bert Lazzarini
ALP
Werriwa (NSW)
13.12.1919
15.09.1934
19.12.1931
01.10.1952
08.09.1884
02.10.1952
68
13.
Hugh Mahon
ALP
Coolgardie (WA)
Kalgoorlie (WA)
Kalgoorlie (WA)
29.03.1901
22.12.1913
13.12.1919
31.03.1913
05.05.1917
12.11.1920
06.01.1857
28.08.1931
74
14.
William Mahony
ALP
Dalley (NSW)
06.05.1915
18.01.1927
xx.xx.1877
28.08.1962
84-85
15.
Norman Makin
ALP
Hindmarsh (SA)
Sturt (SA)
Bonython (SA)
13.12.1919
29.05.1954
10.12.1955
14.08.1946
10.12.1955
01.11.1963
31.03.1889
20.07.1982
93
16.
Dr William Maloney
ALP
Melbourne (Vic)
30.03.1904
27.08.1940
12.04.1854
29.08.1940
86
17.
James Mathews
ALP
Melbourne Ports (Vic)
12.12.1906
27.11.1931
xx.xx.1865
16.10.1934
68-69
18.
Charles McDonald
ALP
MLA Flinders (Qld)
Kennedy (Qld)
20.05.1893
30.03.1901
24.06.1901
13.11.1925
25.08.1860
13.11.1925
65
19.
Charles McGrath
ALP
UAP
MLA Grenville (Vic)
Ballaarat (Vic)
Ballaarat (Vic)
01.06.1904
31.05.1913
10.07.1920
01.04.1913
13.12.1919
31.07.1934
10.11.1872
31.07.1934
61
20.
Parker Moloney
ALP
Indi (Vic)
Indi (Vic)
Hume (NSW)
13.04.1910
05.09.1914
13.12.1919
31.05.1913
05.05.1917
19.12.1931
12.08.1879
08.05.1961
81
21.
Samuel Nicholls
ALP
Macquarie (NSW)
05.05.1917
16.12.1922
15.05.1885
26.09.1939
54
22.
James Page
ALP
Maranoa (Qld)
30.03.1901
03.06.1921
xx.xx.1861
03.06.1921
59-60
23.
Edward Riley
ALP
South Sydney (NSW)
13.04.1910
19.12.1931
xx.xx.1859
21.07.1943
83-84
24.
Thomas J. Ryan
ALP
MLA Barcoo (Qld)
West Sydney (NSW)
02.10.1909
13.12.1919
14.10.1919
01.08.1921
01.07.1876
01.08.1921
45
25.
James Scullin
ALP
Corangamite (Vic)
Yarra (Vic)
13.04.1910
18.02.1922
31.05.1913
10.12.1949
18.09.1876
28.01.1953
76
26.
Frank Tudor
ALP
Yarra (Vic)
30.03.1901
10.01.1922
29.01.1866
10.01.1922
55
27.
David Watkins
ALP
Newcastle (NSW)
29.03.1901
08.04.1935
05.05.1865
08.04.1935
69
28.
John West
ALP
East Sydney (NSW)
13.04.1910
05.02.1931
27.01.1852
05.02.1931
79
NATIONALIST PARTY MEMBERS
1.
Llewellyn Atkinson
FT/Anti-Soc
Lib/Nat
Country
Wilmot (Tas)
MLC Wilmot (Tas)
12.12.1906
xx.xx.1931
12.10.1929
xx.xx.1934
18.12.1867
01.11.1945
77
2.
Frederick Bamford
ALP
Nat
Herbert (Qld)
30.03.1901
03.10.1925
11.02.1849
10.09.1934
85
3.
James Bayley
Nat
Oxley (Qld)
MLA Wynnum (Qld)
05.05.1917
29.04.1933
19.12.1931
10.05.1935
26.03.1882
14.01.1968
85
4.
George Bell
Nat
UAP
Darwin (Tas)
13.12.1919
14.11.1925
16.12.1922
07.07.1943
29.11.1872
05.03.1944
71
5.
(Sir) Robert Best
Lib
Nat
MLA Fitzroy (Vic)
Senate (Vic)
Kooyong (Vic)
01.04.1889
29.03.1901
24.08.1910
01.05.1901
30.06.1910
16.12.1922
18.06.1856
27.03.1946
89
6.
Reginald Blundell
Nat
MHA Adelaide(SA)
Adelaide (SA)
xx.01.1907
13.12.1919
06.04.1918
16.12.1922
04.02.1871
09.08.1945
74
7.
Eric Bowden
Anti-Soc
Lib
Nat
Nepean (NSW)
Nepean (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
12.12.1906
13.12.1919
16.12.1922
13.04.1910
16.12.1922
12.12.1929
30.09.1871
13.02.1931
59
8.
Stanley Melbourne Bruce
Nat
Flinders (Vic)
Flinders (Vic)
House of Lords
11.05.1918
19.12.1931
xx.xx.1947
12.10.1929
11.11.1933
25.08.1967
15.04.1883
25.08.1967
84
9.
Reginald Burchell
ALP
Nat
Fremantle (WA)
31.05.1913
06.11.1922
20.05.1883
20.06.1955
72
10.
(Sir) Donald Cameron
Nat
Brisbane (Qld)
Lilley (Qld)
13.12.1919
15.09.1934
19.12.1931
21.09.1937
19.11.1879
19.11.1960
81
11.
John Chanter
Prot
ALP
Nat
MLA Murray (NSW)
MLA Deniliquin (NSW)
Riverina (NSW)
Riverina (NSW)
Riverina (NSW)
29.10.1885
17.07.1894
29.03.1901
18.05.1904
05.09.1914
25.06.1894
11.06.1901
16.12.1903
31.05.1913
16.12.1922
11.02.1845
09.03.1931
86
12.
(Sir) Austin Chapman
Prot
Eden-Monaro (NSW)
29.03.1901
12.01.1926
10.07.1864
12.01.1926
61
13.
Joseph Cook
FT
Lib/Nat
MLA Hartley (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
03.07.1891
30.03.1901
11.06.1901
10.12.1921
07.12.1860
30.07.1947
86
14.
Edward Corser
Lib/Nat
MLA Maryborough (Qld)
Wide Bay (Qld)
12.10.1909
11.12.1915
21.05.1915
31.07.1928
xx.xx.1852
31.07.1928
75-76
15.
William Fleming
Lib
Nat
Country
MLA Robertson (NSW)
MLA Upper Hunter (NSW)
Robertson (NSW)
03.07.1901
06.08.1904
31.05.1913
16.07.1904
28.02.1910
16.12.1922
19.05.1874
24.07.1961
87
16.
George Foley
ALP
Nat
MLA Mount Leonora (WA)
Kalgoorlie (WA)
xx.xx.1911
18.12.1920
18.11.1920
16.12.1922
28.11.1872
27.10.1945
72
17.
Richard Witty Foster
Anti-Soc
Lib
Nat
MHA Newcastle (SA)
MHA Flinders (SA)
Wakefield (SA)
19.04.1893
03.05.1902
28.08.1909
02.05.1902
02.11.1906
17.11.1928
20.08.1856
05.01.1932
75
18.
James Fowler
ALP
Lib
Nat
Perth (WA)
29.03.1901
16.12.1922
20.06.1863
03.11.1940
77
19.
Henry Gregory
Lib
Nat
Country
MLA North Coolgardie (WA)
MLA Menzies (WA)
Dampier (WA)
Swan (WA)
xx.xx.1897
xx.xx.1901
31.05.1913
16.11.1922
xx.xx.1901
xx.xx.1911
16.11.1922
15.11.1940
15.03.1860
15.11.1940
80
20.
(Sir) Littleton Groom
Prot
Lib
Nat
Darling Downs (Qld)
14.09.1901
19.12.1931
12.10.1929
06.11.1936
22.04.1867
06.11.1936
69
21.
Alexander Hay
Nat
Country
Ind
New England (NSW)
13.12.1919
16.12.1922
08.01.1865
08.05.1941
76
22.
William Morris Hughes
ALP
ALP
Nat
UAP
Lib
MLA Syd-Lang (NSW)
West Sydney (NSW)
Bendigo (Vic)
North Sydney (NSW)
Bradfield (NSW)
17.07.1894
29.03.1901
05.05.1917
16.12.1922
10.12.1949
11.06.1901
05.05.1917
16.12.1922
10.12.1949
28.10.1952
25.09.1862
28.10.1952
90
23.
Syd Jackson
Nat
Bass (Tas)
13.12.1919
12.10.1929
06.06.1889
28.02.1941
51
24.
Eliot Johnson
FT
Lib/Nat
Lang (NSW)
16.12.1903
17.11.1928
10.04.1862
08.12.1932
70
25.
Edwin Kerby
Nat
Ballaarat (Vic)
13.12.1919
02.06.1920
12.04.1885
05.07.1971
86
26.
Edmund Jowett
Nat
Country
Grampians (Vic)
27.10.1917
16.12.1922
06.01.1858
14.04.1936
78
27.
Hector Lamond
Nat
Illawarra (NSW)
05.05.1917
16.12.1922
31.10.1865
26.04.1947
81
28.
John Lister
Nat
Corio (Vic)
05.05.1917
12.10.1929
13.05.1875
04.10.1935
60
29.
John Livingston
Anti-Soc
Lib
Nat
MHA Victoria (SA)
MHA Victoria & Albert (SA)
Barker (SA)
xx.xx.1899
xx.xx.1902
12.12.1906
xx.xx.1902
xx.xx.1906
06.11.1922
19.09.1857
04.09.1935
77
30.
George Mackay
Lib
Nat
UAP
MLA Gympie (Qld)
Lilley (Qld)
27.04.1912
05.05.1917
22.05.1915
07.08.1934
20.03.1872
05.11.1961
89
31.
Walter Marks
Nat
Ind
UAP
Wentworth (NSW)
13.12.1919
19.12.1931
06.06.1875
31.03.1951
75
32.
Charles Marr
Nat
UAP
Parkes (NSW)
13.12.1919
12.10.1929
23.03.1880
20.10.1960
80
33.
Walter Massy-Greene
Lib
Nat
UAP
Richmond (NSW)
Senate (NSW)
Senate (NSW)
13.04.1910
17.10.1923
01.07.1926
16.12.1922
13.11.1925
30.06.1938
06.11.1874
16.11.1952
78
34.
George Maxwell
Nat/UAP
Fawkner (Vic)
05.05.1917
25.06.1935
30.04.1859
25.06.1935
76
35.
William McWilliams
FT
Ind
Franklin (Tas)
16.12.1903
17.11.1928
16.12.1922
22.10.1929
12.10.1856
22.10.1929
73
36.
Alexander Poynton
FT
ALP
Nat
MHA Flinders (SA)
South Australia
Grey (SA)
xx.xx.1893
29.03.1901
16.12.1903
xx.xx.1901
16.12.1903
16.12.1922
08.08.1853
09.01.1935
81
37.
Herbert Pratten
Nat
Senate (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
Martin (NSW)
01.07.1917
10.12.1921
16.12.1922
23.11.1921
16.12.1922
07.05.1928
07.05.1865
07.05.1928
63
38.
Arthur Rodgers
Lib
Nat
Wannon (Vic)
31.05.1913
14.11.1925
16.12.1922
12.10.1929
20.03.1876
04.10.1936
60
39.
(Sir) Granville Ryrie
Lib
Nat
North Sydney (NSW)
Warringah (NSW)
11.03.1911
16.12.1922
16.12.1922
13.04.1927
01.07.1865
02.10.1937
72
40.
William Laird Smith
ALP
Nat
Denison (Tas)
13.04.1910
16.12.1922
15.09.1869
21.10.1942
73
41.
William Story
ALP
Nat
Senate (SA)
Boothby (SA)
01.01.1904
05.05.1917
03.04.1917
16.12.1922
31.05.1857
13.07.1924
67
42.
William Watt
FT
Ind
Nat
MLA Nth Melb (Vic)
MLA Nth Melb (Vic)
MLA Essendon (Vic)
Balaclava (Vic)
01.10.1897
01.10.1902
01.06.1904
05.09.1914
01.10.1900
01.05.1904
01.07.1914
05.07.1929
23.11.1871
13.09.1946
74
43.
Arnold Wienholt
Nat
MLA Fassifern (Qld)
Moreton (Qld)
02.10.1909
13.12.1919
28.06.1930
28.03.1913
06.11.1922
11.05.1935
25.11.1877
10.09.1949
62
44.
George Wise
Prot
Ind
Ind Labor
Nat
Gippsland (Vic)
12.12.1906
05.09.1914
31.05.1913
16.12.1922
01.07.1853
31.07.1950
97
“COUNTRY” PARTY MEMBERS
1.
Robert Cook
VFU
Country
Indi (Vic)
13.12.1919
09.10.1928
18.08.1867
21.05.1930
63
2.
William Gibson
VFU
Country
Corangamite (Vic)
14.12.1918
19.12.1931
12.10.1929
07.08.1934
19.05.1869
22.05.1955
86
3.
William Hill
VFU
Country
Echuca (Vic)
20.09.1919
07.08.1934
14.04.1866
15.11.1939
73
4.
James Hunter
Country
Maranoa (Qld)
30.07.1921
27.08.1940
04.07.1882
27.10.1968
86
5.
Dr Earle Page
Farm & Setts
Country
Cowper (NSW)
13.12.1919
09.12.1961
08.08.1880
20.12.1961
81
6.
Jack Prowse
Farm & Setts
Country
Swan (WA)
Forrest (WA)
13.12.1919
16.12.1922
16.12.1922
21.08.1943
16.06.1871
20.05.1944
72
7.
Percy Stewart
VFU
Country
MLA Swan Hill (Vic)
01.11.1917
13.12.1919
01.10.1919
14.10.1931
18.10.1885
15.10.1931
45
INDEPENDENT MEMBERS
1.
Michael Considine
ALP
Ind
ISLP
Barrier (NSW)
05.05.1917
16.12.1922
26.01.1885
02.11.1959
74
2.
Frederick Francis
Ind Nat
Nat
Henty (Vic)
13.12.1919
03.10.1925
xx.xx.1881
15.08.1949
67-68

 

Notes on Party Designations

The composition of the 8th Parliament is disputed.

See here: Parliamentary Library 1, or Parliamentary Library 2, or Wikipedia, or Psephos.

The major problem is that some members joined the Country Party when it was officially formed in 1920. Some of these members were initially Nationalists or Independent Nationalists. Some were elected as representatives of different farmers’ organisations: the Victorian Farmers’ Union, Farmers and Settlers, Nationalist and Farmers, Primary Producers’ Union and Farmers’ Candidate.

There seems to be general agreement that the Country Party had 12 members by the end of the parliament’s term. However, some sources give them 11 at the start of the term. Some sources simply list individual members as “country parties”.

Nationalist Party

Some sources have the Nationalists coming out of the election with 37 members, one short of an absolute majority. Others put the number at 40. If I adopt a strict policy of counting members according to what they ran as, I can get to 42. Some instances:

Alexander Hay, the member for New England, began his term as a Nationalist. He joined the Country Party in 1920 but was expelled from it in 1922. He contested the 1922 election as an independent and was defeated.

Llewellyn Atkinson, the member for Wilmot (Tas), was first elected in 1906 as a Free Trader/Anti-Socialist. He became a Liberal in 1909 and then a Nationalist in 1917. He joined the Country Party in 1921, stayed with them for seven years and then returned to the Nationalists.

In these two cases, I count the member as a Nationalist at the start of the 1919-1922 term. Ditto with William Fleming, the member for Robertson (NSW). He entered the House as a Liberal in 1913, became a Nationalist and then joined the Country Party in 1920. I count him as a Nationalist at the 1919 election, as I do with Henry Gregory, the member for Dampier (WA) and a couple of others.

Classification difficulties are exemplified by William McWilliams, the member for Franklin (Tas). Elected in 1903 on a tariff platform, he became an Anti-Socialist in 1906, joined the LIberals in 1909 and the Nationalists in 1917. In 1920 he became the first leader of the Country Party, lost the leadership in 1921 and then lost his seat in 1922, contesting the 1925 election as a Nationalist and then winning Franklin back in 1928 as an independent.

Country Party Definites

I count six members as Country Party representatives following the 1919 election.

There were five Victorians all supported by the Victorian Farmers’ Union. One of them, Edmund Jowett, the member for Grampians (Vic), sat as a Nationalist until 1920.

There are two members calling themselves Farmers and Settlers. They include Earle Page, the member for Cowper (NSW), who would go on to be the Country Party’s leader and a key player the Bruce-Page government in the 1920s. Page served as prime minister for three weeks in 1939 and held Cowper for 41 years.

The Country Party gained one member from the by-election in Maranoa in 1921, taking the seat from the ALP.

With the addition of Atkinson, Fleming, Gregory and McWilliams, the Country Party’s numbers rise to twelve by the end of the 8th Parliament.

The ALP – 25 or 26 Members?

I can find 25 ALP members following the 1919 election. Some sources put the number at 26. This may be because they count Michael Considine, the member for Barrier (NSW) as an ALP number. I have counted him as an independent because my research shows he contested the election as an independent and then represented himself as a member of the Industrial Socialist Labor Party in 1920. He was elected as a Labor member in 1917.

Alternatively, James Catts, who had represented Cook since 1906, was expelled from the ALP in 1922. He is sometimes excluded from the official list of ALP members. I have left him in.

The other contentious call is William Higgs, the member forCapricornia since 1910 and a Labor senator (1901-06). Whilst staying with Labor after the conscription split, Higgs had policy disagreements with Hughes. He was expelled from the party in January 1920, sat as an independent and then joined the Nationalists. I count him as Labor vote at the 1919 election.

Conclusion

The aim of these pages is to show every MP who sat in the House during each parliament. However we classify their allegiances at various points, the list of 81 members on this page is accurate and complete.

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