Women Members Of The House Of Representatives Since 1901

There have been 114 women elected to the House of Representatives since 1901.

Of these 114 members, 70 (61.4%) have been members of the ALP, whilst 37 (32.4%) have been from the United Australia Party or Lib Party.

The Nationals have had 3 (2.6%) members, including one Country Liberal member from the Northern Territory and one Liberal National member from Queensland who each sat with the Nationals. There have been two IND members, one IND Labour member, and one representative of the Nick Xenophon Team.

Of the 45 House of Representatives elections since 1901, no women were elected in 25 (55.6%). It wasn’t until the seventeenth election in 1943 that Dame Enid Lyons (UAP/Lib) became the first woman to be elected to the House. Concurrently, Dorothy Tangney (ALP) won election as the first female senator. Doris Blackburn (Independent Labour) was elected to the House in 1946.

There were no women elected to the House in the 1950s and just one each in the 1960s (Kay Brownbill) and 1970s (Joan Child). The 1977 federal election was the last time no women were elected to the House. Nine were elected in the 1980s. In the 1990s, 41 women were elected for the first time, whilst another 25 joined the House in the 2000s. In the three elections from 2010, another 35 women have been elected for the first time.

Reflecting the recent increase in female representation, 43 (37.7%) of the 114 female members since Federation are currently serving. Only 8 (7%) of the 114 have died.

  • Of the 71 former female members, 36 (50.7%) were defeated at an election. Sharryn Jackson was defeated, re-elected and defeated again. Joan Child, Fran Bailey and Teresa Gambaro were each defeated, re-elected, and then retired.
  • Of the 71 former female members, 33 (46.4%) ultimately chose their own time to retire. Four women left the House after losing a preselection or retiring in the face of a denial of preselection. One member (Jackie Kelly) was disqualified under Section 44 of the Constitution but was comfortably re-elected and went on to win four terms.
  • Six of the 114 women have also served in the Senate, four before entering the House (Kathy Sullivan/Martin, Bronwyn Bishop, Cheryl Kernot and Belinda Neal), and two after leaving the House (Deborah O’Neill and Pauline Hanson).
  • Six of the 114 women have served in state parliaments. Dr Carmen Lawrence (WA) and Jill Hall (NSW) served in the federal parliament after leaving state parliament, whilst Silvia Smith (Tas), Michelle O’Byrne (Tas) and Yvette D’Ath (Qld) served first in the House. The ALP’s Allanah MacTiernan (WA) served as a member and a minister at the state level before completing one term in the House and then returning as a member and minister at the state level.
  • The oldest currently serving female is Jane Prentice (Lib-Ryan), 64. The youngest is Clare O’Neil (ALP-Hotham), 37.
  • The oldest former female member of the House is Jeannette McHugh (ALP-Phillip/Grayndler), 82. The youngest former members are Fiona Scott (Lib-Lindsay), 40, and Laura Smyth (ALP-La Trobe), 41.

The table below lists each woman by the date of her first election to the House. It also shows details of those who also served in the Senate or other parliaments. Where members have left the House, the reason for departure is shown.

Women Members of the House of Representatives Since 1901
No. Name Party Seat Term Began Term
Ended
Reason Birth Death Age
1.
(Dame) Enid Lyons
UAP/Lib
Darwin (Tas)
21.08.1943
19.03.1951
retired
09.07.1897
02.09.1981
84
2.
Doris Blackburn
Ind Lab
Bourke (Vic)
28.09.1946
10.12.1949
defeated
18.09.1889
12.12.1970
81
3.
Kay Brownbill
Lib
Kingston (SA)
26.11.1966
25.10.1969
defeated
21.07.1914
03.02.2002
87
4.
Joan Child
ALP
Henty (Vic)
18.05.1974
18.10.1980
13.12.1975
19.02.1990
defeated
retired
03.08.1921
23.02.2013
91
5.
Elaine Darling
ALP
Lilley (Qld)
18.10.1980
08.02.1993
retired
06.06.1936
81
6.
Ros Kelly
ALP
Canberra (ACT)
18.10.1980
30.01.1995
retired
25.01.1948
69
7.
Wendy Fatin
ALP
Canning (WA)
Brand (WA)
05.03.1983
01.12.1984
01.12.1984
29.01.1996
retired
10.04.1941
76
8.
Jeannette McHugh
ALP
Phillip (NSW)
Grayndler (NSW)
05.03.1983
13.03.1993
13.03.1993
29.01.1996
retired
18.12.1934
82
9.
Helen Mayer
ALP
Chisholm (Vic)
05.03.1983
11.07.1987
defeated
07.09.1932
07.02.2008
75
10.
Carolyn Jakobsen
ALP
Cowan (WA)
01.12.1984
13.03.1993
defeated
11.09.1947
70
11.
Kathy Sullivan (Martin)
Lib
Senate (Qld)
Moncrieff (Qld)
18.05.1974
01.12.1984
05.11.1984
08.10.2001
retired
08.03.1942
75
12.
Mary Crawford
ALP
Forde (Qld)
11.07.1987
02.03.1996
defeated
12.04.1947
70
13.
Elizabeth Harvey
ALP
Hawker (SA)
11.07.1987
24.03.1990
defeated
19.10.1946
71
14.
Fran Bailey
Lib
McEwen (Vic)
24.03.1990
02.03.1996
13.03.1993
19.07.2010
defeated
retired
21.05.1946
71
15.
Janice Crosio
ALP
Prospect (NSW)
24.03.1990
31.10.2004
retired
03.01.1939
78
16.
Christine Gallus
Lib
Hawker (SA)
Hindmarsh (SA)
24.03.1990
13.03.1993
13.03.1993
31.08.2004
retired
06.04.1943
74
17.
Maggie Deahm
ALP
Macquarie (NSW)
13.03.1993
02.03.1996
defeated
31.10.1938
28.12.2015
77
18.
Mary Easson
ALP
Lowe (NSW)
13.03.1993
02.03.1996
defeated
16.06.1955
62
19.
Marjorie Henzell
ALP
Capricornia (Qld)
13.03.1993
02.03.1996
defeated
21.09.1948
69
20.
Judi Moylan
Lib
Pearce (WA)
13.03.1993
05.08.2013
retired
24.02.1944
73
21.
Silvia Smith
ALP
Bass (Tas)
MLC Windermere
13.03.1993
1997
02.03.1996
2003
defeated
22.12.1939
77
22.
Trish Worth
Lib
Adelaide (SA)
13.03.1993
09.10.2004
defeated
21.04.1946
71
23.
Dr Carmen Lawrence
ALP
MLA East Melville
MLA Subiaco
MLA Glenalough
Fremantle (WA)
1983
1986
1989
12.03.1994
1986
1989
1994
17.10.2007
 

resigned
retired

02.03.1948
69
24.
Bronwyn Bishop
Lib
Senate (NSW)
Mackellar (NSW)
11.07.1987
26.03.1994
24.02.1994
09.05.2016
resigned
preselection
19.10.1942
75
25.
Trish Draper
Lib
Makin (SA)
02.03.1996
24.11.2007
retired
02.04.1959
58
26.
Annette Ellis
ALP
Namadgi (ACT)
Canberra (ACT)
02.03.1996
03.10.1998
03.10.1998
19.07.2010
retired
13.10.1946
71
27.
Kay Elson
Lib
Forde (Qld)
02.03.1996
17.10.2007
retired
25.01.1947
70
28.
Teresa Gambaro
Lib
Petrie (Qld)
Brisbane (Qld)
02.03.1996
21.08.2010
24.11.2007
09.05.2016
defeated
retired
29.11.1958
59
29.
Joanna Gash
Lib
Gilmore (NSW)
02.03.1996
05.08.2013
retired
21.07.1944
73
30.
Elizabeth Grace
Lib
Lilley (Qld)
02.03.1996
03.10.1998
defeated
27.05.1940
77
31.
Pauline Hanson
IND
PHON
Oxley (Qld)
Senate (Qld)
02.03.1996
02.07.2016
03.10.1998
defeated
27.05.1954
63
32.
Susan Jeanes
Lib
Kingston (SA)
02.03.1996
03.10.1998
defeated
24.02.1958
59
33.
Ricky Johnston
Lib
Canning (WA)
02.03.1996
03.10.1998
defeated
29.10.1943
74
34.
De-Anne Kelly
Nat
Dawson (Qld)
02.03.1996
24.11.2007
defeated
21.03.1954
63
35.
Jackie Kelly
Lib
Lindsay (NSW)
02.03.1996
19.10.1996
11.09.1996
17.10.2007
disqualified
retired
18.02.1964
53
36.
Jenny Macklin
ALP
Jagajaga (Vic)
02.03.1996
29.12.1953
63
37.
Dr Sharman Stone
Lib
Murray (Vic)
02.03.1996
09.05.2016
retired
23.04.1951
66
38.
Danna Vale
Lib
Hughes (NSW)
02.03.1996
19.07.2010
retired
14.11.1944
73
39.
Andrea West
Lib
Bowman (Qld)
02.03.1996
03.10.1998
defeated
16.09.1952
20.04.2010
57
40.
Julie Bishop
Lib
Curtin (WA)
03.10.1998
17.07.1956
61
41.
Anna Burke
ALP
Chisholm (Vic)
03.10.1998
09.05.2016
retired
01.01.1966
51
42.
Jane Gerick
ALP
Canning (WA)
03.10.1998
10.11.2001
defeated
23.04.1963
25.12.2003
40
43.
Julia Gillard
ALP
Lalor (Vic)
03.10.1998
05.08.2013
retired
29.09.1961
56
44.
Jill Hall
ALP
MLA Swansea
Shortland (NSW)
25.03.1995
03.10.1998
01.09.1998
09.05.2016
resigned
retired
16.11.1949
68
45.
Kelly Hoare
ALP
Charlton (NSW)
03.10.1998
17.10.2007
retired
01.07.1963
54
46.
Kay Hull
Nat
Riverina (NSW)
03.10.1998
19.07.2010
retired
03.02.1954
63
47.
Julia Irwin
ALP
Fowler (NSW)
03.10.1998
19.07.2010
retired
08.11.1951
66
48.
Cheryl Kernot
ALP
Senate (Qld)
Dickson (Qld)
01.07.1990
03.10.1998
15.10.1997
10.11.2001
resigned
defeated
05.12.1948
69
49.
Kirsten Livermore
ALP
Capricornia (Qld)
03.10.1998
05.08.2013
retired
10.11.1969
48
50.
Margaret May
Lib
McPherson (Qld)
03.10.1998
19.07.2010
retired
30.06.1950
67
51.
Jann McFarlane
ALP
Stirling (WA)
03.10.1998
09.10.2004
defeated
22.05.1944
73
52.
Michelle O’Byrne
ALP
Bass (Tas)
MHA Bass (Tas)
03.10.1998
18.03.2006
09.10.2004
defeated
06.03.1968
49
53.
Tanya Plibersek
ALP
Sydney (NSW)
03.10.1998
02.12.1969
48
54.
Nicola Roxon
ALP
Gellibrand (Vic)
03.10.1998
05.08.2013
retired
01.04.1967
50
55.
Ann Corcoran
ALP
Isaacs (Vic)
12.08.2000
17.10.2007
preselection
21.09.1951
66
56.
Leonie Short
ALP
Ryan (Qld)
17.03.2001
10.11.2001
defeated
01.01.1956
61
57.
Jennie George
ALP
Throsby (NSW)
10.11.2001
19.07.2010
retired
28.08.1947
70
58.
Sharon Grierson
ALP
Newcastle (NSW)
10.11.2001
05.08.2013
retired
04.05.1951
66
59.
Sharryn Jackson
ALP
Hasluck (WA)
10.11.2001
24.11.2007
09.10.2004
21.08.2010
defeated
defeated
12.02.1962
55
60.
Catherine King
ALP
Ballarat (Vic)
10.11.2001
02.06.1966
51
61.
Sussan Ley
Lib
Farrer (NSW)
10.11.2001
14.12.1961
56
62.
Sophie Panopoulos (Mirabella)
Lib
Indi (Vic)
10.11.2001
07.09.2013
defeated
27.10.1968
49
63.
Maria Vamvakinou
ALP
Calwell (Vic)
10.11.2001
04.01.1959
58
64.
Sharon Bird
ALP
Cunningham (NSW)
09.10.2004
15.11.1962
55
65.
Justine Elliot
ALP
Richmond (NSW)
09.10.2004
29.07.1967
50
66.
Kate Ellis
ALP
Adelaide (SA)
09.10.2004
22.09.1977
40
67.
Louise Markus
Lib
Greenway (NSW)
Macquarie (NSW)
09.10.2004
21.08.2010
21.08.2010
02.07.2016
defeated
06.09.1958
59
68.
Julie Owens
ALP
Parramatta (NSW)
09.10.2004
17.10.1958
59
69.
Jodie Campbell
ALP
Bass (Tas)
24.11.2007
19.07.2010
preselection
18.01.1972
45
70.
Julie Collins
ALP
Franklin (Tas)
24.11.2007
03.07.1971
46
71.
Yvette D’Ath
ALP
Petrie (Qld)
MLA Redcliffe (Qld)
24.11.2007
22.02.2014
07.09.2013
defeated
26.07.1970
47
72.
Nola Marino
Lib
Forrest (WA)
24.11.2007
18.02.1954
63
73.
Maxine McKew
ALP
Bennelong (NSW)
24.11.2007
21.08.2010
defeated
22.07.1953
64
74.
Belinda Neal
ALP
Senate (NSW)
Robertson (NSW)
08.03.1994
24.11.2007
03.09.1998
19.07.2010
resigned
preselection
10.01.1963
54
75.
Melissa Parke
ALP
Fremantle (WA)
24.11.2007
09.05.2016
retired
11.08.1966
51
76.
Kerry Rea
ALP
Bonner (Qld)
24.11.2007
21.08.2010
defeated
16.04.1963
54
77.
Amanda Rishworth
ALP
Kingston (SA)
24.11.2007
10.07.1978
39
78.
Janelle Saffin
ALP
Page (NSW)
24.11.2007
07.09.2013
defeated
01.11.1954
63
79.
Kelly O’Dwyer
Lib
Higgins (Vic)
05.12.2009
31.03.1977
40
80.
Karen Andrews
LNP/Lib
McPherson (Qld)
21.08.2010
23.08.1960
57
81.
Gai Brodtmann
ALP
Canberra (ACT)
21.08.2010
24.11.1963
54
82.
Natasha Griggs
CLP/Lib
Solomon (NT)
21.08.2010
02.07.2016
defeated
24.01.1969
48
83.
Deborah O’Neill
ALP
Robertson (NSW)
Senate (NSW)
21.08.2010
13.11.2013
07.09.2013
defeated
04.06.1961
56
84.
Jane Prentice
LNP/Lib
Ryan (Qld)
21.08.2010
22.06.1953
64
85.
Michelle Rowland
ALP
Greenway (NSW)
21.08.2010
16.11.1971
46
86.
Laura Smyth
ALP
La Trobe (Vic)
21.08.2010
07.09.2013
defeated
12.11.1976
41
87.
Lisa Chesters
ALP
Bendigo (Vic)
07.09.2013
11.02.1980
37
88.
Sharon Claydon
ALP
Newcastle (NSW)
07.09.2013
26.04.1964
53
89.
Sarah Henderson
Lib
Corangamite (Vic)
07.09.2013
04.04.1964
53
90.
Michelle Landry
LNP/Nat
Capricornia (Qld)
07.09.2013
15.10.1962
55
91.
Alannah MacTiernan
ALP
MLC East Metro
MLA Armadale
Perth (WA)
MLC North Metro
06.02.1993
14.12.1996
07.09.2013
2017
14.12.1996
19.07.2010
09.05.2016

resigned
retired
10.01.1953
64
92.
Cathy McGowan
IND
Indi (Vic)
07.09.2013
29.11.1953
64
93.
Karen McNamara
Lib
Dobell (NSW)
07.09.2013
02.07.2016
defeated
23.04.1964
53
94.
Clare O’Neil
ALP
Hotham (Vic)
07.09.2013
12.09.1980
37
95.
Melissa Price
Lib
Durack (WA)
07.09.2013
12.12.1963
54
96.
Joanne Ryan
ALP
Lalor (Vic)
07.09.2013
29.07.1961
56
97.
Fiona Scott
Lib
Lindsay (NSW)
07.09.2013
02.07.2016
defeated
01.03.1977
40
98.
Ann Sudmalis
Lib
Gilmore (NSW)
07.09.2013
16.09.1955
62
99.
Lucy Wicks
Lib
Robertson (NSW)
07.09.2013
01.01.1973
44
100.
Terri Butler
ALP
Griffith (Qld)
08.02.2014
28.11.1977
40
101.
Anne Aly
ALP
Cowan (WA)
02.07.2016
29.03.1967
50
102.
Julia Banks
Lib
Chisholm (Vic)
02.07.2016
xx.xx.xxxx
50+
103.
Linda Burney
ALP
Barton (NSW)
02.07.2016
25.04.1957
60
104.
Nicolle Flint
Lib
Boothby (SA)
02.07.2016
15.07.1978
39
105.
Emma Husar
ALP
Lindsay (NSW)
02.07.2016
20.04.1980
37
106.
Justine Keay
ALP
Braddon (Tas)
02.07.2016
18.03.1975
42
107.
Madeleine King
ALP
Brand (WA)
02.07.2016
31.03.1973
44
108.
Susan Lamb
ALP
Longman (Qld)
02.07.2016
23.03.1972
45
109.
Emma McBride
ALP
Dobell (NSW)
02.07.2016
27.04.1975
42
110.
Cathy O’Toole
ALP
Herbert (Qld)
02.07.2016
30.08.1956
61
111.
Rebekha Sharkie
NXT
Mayo (SA)
02.07.2016
xx.xx.1972
45
112.
Anne Stanley
ALP
Werriwa (NSW)
02.07.2016
06.10.1961
56
113.
Meryl Swanson
ALP
Paterson (NSW)
02.07.2016
03.09.1970
47
114.
Susan Templeman
ALP
Macquarie (NSW)
02.07.2016
30.07.1963
54

 

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