The United States Congress is the Legislative (law-making) arm of the political system.
The Congress is bicameral, consisting of two houses: The House of Representatives and the Senate.
House of Representatives
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms in even-numbered years.
In the event a representative dies, resigns or is expelled, a special election is held to elect a replacement. The Constitution establishes no limit on the number of terms a person may serve in the House.
The four non-voting delegates to Congress from the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands and America Samoa are also elected to two-year terms in even-numbered years, while Puerto Rico’s non-voting resident commissioner in Congress is elected to a four-year term in the same years as presidential elections are held.
- Official Website: House of Representatives
- Current information on members of the House of Representatives – Clerk of the House
- 2000 Congressional Elections – Close Contests
- Results of Freshmen Incumbents in the 1996 House of Representatives Elections.
There are 100 United State senators, two from each of the 50 states.
Senators are elected to six-year terms in even-numbered years. The terms are staggered so that the terms of approximately one-third of all Senators expire every two years. Thus, approximately 30-36 Senate seats are up for re-election every two years.
The Constitution establishes no limit on the number of terms a person may serve in the Senate.
If a senator dies, resigns or is expelled, the governor of the affected state appoints a temporary replacement who holds office until a special election can be held to elect a replacement.
- Full List of US Senators – 2016
- Official Website: Senate
- Oct 02, 2002: New Jersey Supreme Court Decision on Senator Robert Torricelli
- 2002 Senate Contests
- 1999 Senators
- 1997 Senators
- 1996 Senators
- Nov 05, 1996: Results of the 34 Senate Elections of 1996 – includes an earlier prognosis for each race.
- Aug 14, 2016: Full List Of United States Senators – 2016
- Jan 02, 2013: U.S. Congress Passes Fiscal Cliff Legislation; Obama Says It’s Just First Step
- Mar 10, 2011: Julia Gillard’s Address to the Joint Meeting of the US Congress
- Jan 05, 2011: John Boehner Becomes Speaker Of The US House Of Representatives
- Jan 27, 2010: State Of The Union Address 2010 – President Barack Obama
- Sep 13, 2007: Democrats Say Bush Failed To Provide Plans For Future Of Iraq
- Feb 16, 2007: US House of Representatives Passes Resolution Opposing Iraq Surge
- Jan 20, 2004: Democratic Response To The State Of The Union Address 2004
- Jan 20, 2004: State Of The Union Address 2004 – President George W Bush
- Jun 27, 2003: Strom Thurmond, Oldest US Senator, Segregationist Dixiecrat, Dies, 100
- Feb 12, 2003: We Stand Passively Mute: Senator Robert Byrd On Iraq
- Oct 11, 2002: Text of Joint Resolution On Iraq Passed By The U.S. Congress
- Oct 03, 2002: White House Mood Is Bellicose: Senator Robert C. Byrd
- Oct 02, 2002: New Jersey Supreme Court Decision On Robert Torricelli
- Oct 01, 2002: US Senate Elections 2002
- Jun 12, 2002: Howard Addresses Joint Meeting of US Congress
- Sep 14, 2001: U.S. Congress Authorises Use Of Force Against Terrorists
- Jan 04, 2001: Historic Firsts As United States 107th Congress Convenes
- Sep 01, 2000: The Close Contests In The 2000 US Congressional Elections
- Mar 19, 2000: US Senate Contests – 2000
- Jan 19, 1999: GOP Response To The 1999 State Of The Union Address
- Jan 19, 1999: State Of The Union Address 1999 – President Bill Clinton
- Jan 08, 1999: Senate Rules For Impeachment Trials
- Jan 07, 1999: Senators Sworn In; Impeachment Trial Jury Takes Office; Chief Justice Rehnquist Presides
- Jan 06, 1999: Speaker Dennis Hastert’s Remarks After Being Sworn As Speaker
- Jan 05, 1999: US Senators 1999 – Full List
- Dec 30, 1998: Henry Hyde’s Letter To Trent Lott Regarding Impeachment Trial
- Dec 19, 1998: Impeachments In The United States 1798-1998
- Dec 19, 1998: CLINTON IMPEACHED
- Oct 08, 1998: House Resolution 581 Authorising An Impeachment Inquiry of President Clinton
- Jan 27, 1998: State Of The Union Address 1998 – President Bill Clinton
- Jan 05, 1997: US Senators 1997 – Full List
- Nov 10, 1996: US Senate Elections 1996: Prognosis And Results
- Nov 10, 1996: Prognosis for House of Representatives Freshmen 1996
- Jan 16, 1996: US Senators 1996 – Full List
- Nov 07, 1973: The War Powers Act Of 1973