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Archives for 1990

Hawke And Hewson Welcome Nelson Mandela To Australia

This is the full video and audio of the speeches delivered in honour of Nelson Mandela, Deputy President of the African National Congress, at Parliament House, Canberra.

The luncheon was held just nine months after Mandela’s release from Victor Verster Prison on February 11, 1990.

The video includes speeches of welcome from Prime Minister Bob Hawke, Opposition Leader Dr John Hewson, and Mandela. The official transcript of Hawke’s speech is shown below. [Read more…]

Senator Nick Sherry (ALP-Tas) – Maiden Speech

This is the maiden speech by Tasmanian Labor Senator Nick Sherry.

Hansard transcript of Senator Nick Sherry’s maiden speech.
Nick SherrySenator SHERRY (3.37) —Mr Deputy President, I extend my congratulations on your election to the position of Deputy President of the Senate; also, my congratulations to Senator Sibraa on his election to the position of President. I also offer my congratulations on the maiden speech of Senator Herron. I am not sure what it feels like to be the first person to give a maiden speech but I certainly know what it feels like to be the last.

It is with a great mixture of humility and pride that I give my first speech here today in the Senate. In particular, it is a great moment for me to be representing my State, Tasmania, and also for me to be representing my Party, the Australian Labor Party, yet again in government.

The State of Tasmania was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. He called the island Van Diemen’s Land. Then he sailed away and it was largely forgotten. The next to visit Van Diemen’s Land were the French explorers who left little but names again, such as D’Entrecasteaux and Freycinet. Van Diemen’s Land was also on the visiting list of the Americans and the Russians, but they were beaten by the English, who, recognising Tasmania’s geographical isolation, realised the possibilities of a penal colony to end all penal colonies. Over the next 50 years of first settlement, approximately 40 per cent of all the convicts that were sent to Australia were sent to Tasmania. In touching on the theme of Tasmania’s geographical isolation, I would like to acknowledge and thank the Hawke Labor Government for continuing to recognise the difficulties that the isolation has caused for our State by ensuring that the freight equalisation scheme was retained in full and unchanged in the recent Budget. [Read more…]

John Cain Draws A Line In The Sand In Speech To ALP State Conference

The Victorian Labor Premier, John Cain, was under siege in June 1990 as his government struggled under the weight of economic crises.

Cain had been premier for eight years, having won elections in 1982, 1985 and 1988. At the June State Conference of the ALP, he effectively drew a line in the sand over the party’s attitude towards his government. [Read more…]

Governor-General Bill Hayden Opens The 36th Parliament

This is the speech by Governor-General Bill Hayden opening the 36th Parliament following the 1990 federal election.

It was Hayden’s first opening of parliament since his appointment as Governor-General in 1989. Previously, Hayden was Foreign Minister in the Hawke Labor government (1983-88). He was Minister for Social Security and Treasurer in the Whitlam Labor government (1972-75).

  • Listen to Hayden

Hansard transcript of Governor-General Bill Hayden’s speech opening Parliament.

His Excellency the Governor-General entered the chamber and, being seated, with the President on his right hand, commanded that a message be sent to the House of Representatives intimating that His Excellency desired the attendance of honourable members in the Senate chamber forthwith, who having come with their Speaker, His Excellency was pleased to deliver the following speech: [Read more…]

1990 Federal Election: Two-Party-Preferred Statistics

The 1990 Federal Election joins a select list of federal elections where the party or parties that won a majority of the two-party-preferred vote failed to win the election.

The other elections were 1998, 1969, 1961 and 1954.

The Hawke Labor government was elected with 49.90% of the two-party-preferred vote. It secured 78 of the 148 seats (52.70%) in the House of Representatives. Thus, its exaggerated majority is 2.8%.

The ALP secured a majority of the two-party vote in two States (NSW & Queensland) and both Territories. There was an overall swing against the ALP of 0.9%.

Two-Party-Preferred Statistics 1990
House of Representatives – Summary
State ALP Votes ALP % L/NP Votes L/NP % Total Votes Exhausted Votes
New South Wales 1,744,666
3,346,512 8,159
Victoria 1,216,633
2,563,681 3,449
Queensland 837,508
1,668,523 3,074
Western Australia 420,816
892,908 1,791
South Australia 441,659
892,162 1,592
Tasmania 138,556
289,265 239
Australian Capital Territory 93,498
159,704 358
Northern Territory 37,498
68,148 109
Australia 4,930,834
9,880,903 18,771


Source: Australian Electoral Commission publications


Bob Hogg: 1990 Federal Election Analysis

Bob Hogg, National Secretary of the ALP, has addressed the National Press Club on the outcome of the 1990 Federal Election.

The complete audio of Hogg’s speech and answers to questions is available here. The transcript only covers the questions.

  • Listen to Bob Hogg

This is a transcript of the question and answer session following Bob Hogg’s National Press Club Address.

AMANDA BUCKLEY (Daily Telegraph): Mr Hogg, I want to ask you about the heavy cost of TV election ads. You were trying to get them knocked off before the election, and I’m wondering in retrospect, whether you’re glad you failed, considering you think that they were pretty effective. Will you be trying again before the next election, and how much did they end up costing you, overall? [Read more…]

ABC Radio 1990 Election Night Broadcast

As is its regular practice, the ABC broadcast live and continuous coverage of election counting on March 24, 1990.

The broadcast was hosted by John Highfield. Also appearing were Paul Murphy and the South Australian academic, Dean Jaensch. [Read more…]

Ballot Paper: Higgins 1990

This is an example of a ballot paper from the 1990 federal election.

The ballot paper is from the Victorian electorate of Higgins. A safe Liberal seat, Higgins had been represented by Roger Shipton since 1975. Earlier it was held by two Liberals who became prime minister: Harold Holt (1949-67) and John Gorton (1968-75).

Costello won the election with 56.3% of the primary vote and 61.8% of the two-party-preferred vote. [Read more…]

Bob Hawke: Pre-Election National Press Club Address

This is the official transcript of Prime Minister Bob Hawke’s National Press Club Address.

The Address was delivered on the Wednesday before the March 24 Federal Election.

Hawke’s Labor government was re-elected to a fourth term in office, despite a swing against it. The swing was especially strong in Victoria but losses there were compensated for by gains in other states. [Read more…]

‘Give A Damn’ – Janine Haines Australian Democrats Advertisement

This is an Australian Democrats television advertisement from the 1990 Federal Election.

It features the Democrats leader Janine Haines. The theme of the party’s campaign in the election was “Give a Damn”.

Haines was first appointed to a casual vacancy in the Senate in 1977. She served until June 30, 1978 and was elected in her own right in 1980. In 1986, she succeeded Don Chipp as leader of the Australian Democrats.

In 1990, Haines attempted to shift to the House of Representatives via the South Australian electorate of Kingston but she was unsuccessful. She died in 2004, at age 59.