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Archives for 1996

The Importance Of Politics

by Elspeth Martini

Year 12, 1996, Loreto Mandeville Hall

Jeff bashing has become quite the done thing in Victoria over the last five years. The only person I know who doesn’t have a go at him from time to time is my Dad. Instead of blaming everything on Jeff he blames John Cain and Joan Kirner. He says that the Labor government ruined this state. This may be, but what about the gambling? The last government were also planning to build a casino he says. This just proves that they’re all as bad as each other if you ask me. Nobody ever does.

In grade 6 we learnt all about Australia’s system of government. There are three levels. At the bottom was the Mayor, then came Mr Cain (later Joan, now Jeff), and at the top was Mr Hawke (then Keating, now Howard). People sit in either green or red seats and somewhere above everyone is the Queen, who rarely seats herself with those in such seats.

Since grade 6, I have learnt that it is the House of the Representatives that is furnished with green seats. The red seats are in the upper part of the house where the Greens sit and hold something called the balance of power. The Democrats help them do this with one hand while keeping the bastards honest with the other.

In the other seats sit white middle aged and ageing middle class men. A few women are allowed to sit there too, but they always have something wrong with their hairstyle, dress sense, glasses or voice. The balance between their femininity and ability to power dress, incorporating enough male aggressiveness to be a successful sitter, has not been discovered yet. This search may only take another generation or two.

Having thought for some time that my knowledge in the field of politics was lacking in a few minor areas, I ventured to ask a politics student if they would help me fine tune the technicalities. The person was very much enthused to find a fellow student interested in their favourite area of study. Firstly, I asked the student to explain to me what the left and right wing thing’s all about. Many hand gestures were used in the explanation and I was left with an image of all these politicians converging in the middle of the ground, presumably a football oval. There were wings overlapping left, right and centre.

The student decided to take me back a step. I was told that most people are either Labor or Liberal. There are traditional supporters who will stand by their team however badly they play. Not that anyone seems to realise when their team plays badly. It is easy to judge a mug effort in a football match. Judgement in the political arena seems much more problematic.

Those people who are dotted around the countryside and can’t get to the M.C.G. have their own team called the Nationals. The undrafted players are called “independents.” They rally and get local support for their one man show. If they win in this league they head off to Canberra to sit in a big red or green seat and go to sleep. The one man team is no match for the clubs that can put 18 players on the field at any one time.

The Victorian Government outdoes the others in its appeal. It is made up of the Honourable Jeff and his wife Felicity, and occasionally this Stockdale man who tells us how good he is at balancing the books and an old man (looks a bit like Clive James) who closes all the schools. There is also the occasional and very effective rebuttal from some Brumby fellow.

Jeff is apparently the burden of our state. He is the father of the Casino culture, he killed Albert Park without consulting the community and has added two terrible words to the Melburnian vocabulary – City Link. Not that anyone knows what they really mean, though it seems to be something about a road. Despite all this Jeff managed to win the election in another landslide. The other team must be pretty bad. My Dad says they are.

Each state has its own Jeff. You hear about a few. John Fahey won the Olympics for Sydney. And that Sir Joh Bjelke-guy, who everyone knew to be about as honest as his police force, was actually for real. Recently it has been noted that the Northern Territory must also have a Jeff. No one knows who he is though.

Well, I don’t know why people never listen to me. What else is there to understand? The politics student tells me not to worry. Who’s worried?

Jeff Kennett: A Twentieth Century Machiavellian Prince?

by Tim Elliott

Dux of Tear 12, Trinity Grammar School, 1996

Almost five hundred years ago, a man wrote a book from which leaders and powermongers the world over have for centuries learned the art of obtaining and maintaining pure, absolute power. The Prince’s author, Italian Niccol√≤ Machiavelli’s immoral advocation of ruthlessness as encapsulated by his notorious fundamental philosophy “the end justifies the means”, has cast him alongside Hitler and Stalin in many people’s minds, as people of paramount evil. Jeff Kennett is one who, whether knowingly or not, owes much to the teachings of Machiavelli. Love him or despise him, he has ruled at times with unrelenting force and has won respect and admiration from many for doing so. “If you cannot be both, it is better to be feared than loved” wrote Machiavelli in 1514; Kennett’s triumph is that he has applied this theory successfully in a twentieth century democracy. [Read more…]

Voter Turnout In US Presidential Elections 1936-1996

The table on this page shows the percentage voter turnout at each presidential election between 1936 and 1996.

Where available, it also shows the number of eligible enrolled voters. [Read more…]

Television Ownership In Australia – 1996

Television Ownership in Australia – 1996
Network Owned By
Nine Network 45%, Kerry Packer
Seven Network 19%, Kerry Stokes;

14%, News Limited (Murdoch);

11.4%, National Mutual;

11%, Telstra.

Ten Network 58%, CanWest (Izzy Casper);

10%, John Singleton;

10%, Robert White;

5%, Isi Leibler.

Foxtel 50%, News Limited (Murdoch);

50%, Telstra.

Optus Vision 46.5%, Optus Communications;

46.5%, Continental Cable Vision (USA);

5%, option to 20%, Nine Network;

2%, option to 15%, Seven Network.

Source: The Age, 5-10-96, pA25.

Newspaper Ownership In Australia – 1996

Press Ownership in Australia – 1996
Media Organisation Newspapers Magazines Television
News Limited

Murdoch Family, up to 30%.

67.4%, 7 papers, of capital city and daily titles;

48.8%, 76 papers, of metropolitan and suburban titles;

22.2%, 5 papers, of regional dailies;

4.9% of Fairfax;

The Australian
Courier Mail
West Australian
Hobart Mercury

26.2% of all titles;

New Idea
TV Week (with Packer)
That’s Life
TV Hits

14% of Channel 7;

joint owner, with Telstra, of Foxtel;


Brierley Investments – purchased from Conrad Black, December 1996, 25%;

BT Australia, 11-15%;

PBL (Packer), 14.9%;

Rupert Murdoch, 4.9%.

21%, 3 papers, of capital city and daily titles;

16.4%, 21 papers, of metropolitan and suburban titles;

15.2%, 3 papers, of regional dailies;

Sydney Morning Herald
The Age
Financial Review

Kerry Packer

Australian Consolidated Press

14.9% of Fairfax. 47% of all titles;

Women’s Day
Women’s Weekly
New Weekly
House & Garden
The Bulletin

45% of Channel 9;

5%, with option of 20%, of Optus Vision.

Source: The Age, 5-10-96, pA25.

Pauline Hanson’s Bitter Harvest: David Leser

David Leser’s Good Weekend article on Pauline Hanson was published in The Age in November 1996.

At the time it was one of the first pieces to take a close look at the controversial MP. Years later, its picture of Pauline Hanson has more than stood the test of time.

The Age Good Weekend article by David Leser.

Pauline Hanson’s Bitter Harvest

by David Leser

November 30, 1996

Pauline Hanson may be breaching the Racial Discrimination Act when she speaks, but she’s definitely breaking the law when she drives. There was no catching her at 115km per hour on the Cunningham Highway in Queensland one evening recently as we hurtled towards her farm at dusk, under a bank of clouds and a mob of black crows, past (no kidding) Goebels (sic) Road and into the void of the bush.

Pauline Hanson thought it was a hoot, and her staffer-cum- domestic helper-cum-friend and fellow-traveller, Cheyenne MacLeod, said it was, for Hanson, a slow drive. ‘You should see her when she’s really travelling,’ Macleod said laughing.

Pauline Hanson loves the rush of adrenaline. Her voice might quake in Federal Parliament, but in her heart there pumps the blood of a thrill-seeker. She lives close to the edge, in this case an hysterical environment which has spawned one of the most noisome racial debates this country has ever witnessed. [Read more…]

Downer: Australia’s Place In The World

This is the text of an Address by Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign Affairs, to the NSW Division of the Liberal Party, in Sydney.

Downer outlined the government’s approach to foreign policy in its first nine months in office. He talked about Malaysia, multilateral and bilateral relations, trade and immigration.

Text of speech by Foreign Minister Alexander Downer to the NSW Liberal Party.

Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign AffairsINTRODUCTION

Many thanks for the invitation to address you today.

I am delighted for the opportunity to speak about Australia’s “place in the world” and our foreign policy priorities.

This Government has a vision for Australia in the 21st century as a cooperative, economically competitive and secure nation, fully engaged with the East Asian region, while maintaining and developing links with countries beyond the region.

When we came into office almost nine months ago, we had a detailed policy, appropriately entitled A Confident Australia, which embodied this vision. [Read more…]

President Bill Clinton Addresses Joint Session Of Australian Parliament

Fresh from his re-election to a second term, United State President Bill Clinton visited Australia and addressed a joint session of Parliament.

Clinton was welcomed by the Liberal Prime Minister, John Howard, and the ALP Opposition Leader, Kim Beazley. Howard was in his first year as PM, whilst Beazley had succeed Paul Keating as ALP leader following the March election.

The full Hansard transcript of the special sitting of the House of Representatives is shown below, with video and audio. [Read more…]

Comparison Statistics Of 1992 And 1996 Clinton Election Victories

This table shows the voting statistics for the presidential elections of 1992 and 1996.

Bill Clinton won both elections. He defeated President George H.W. Bush in 1992 and Bob Dole in 1996. [Read more…]

1996 Presidential Prognosis And Results

The predictions shown in the table below were made during October 1996.

The map shows the actual 1996 result.

[Read more…]