Can You Help?

This website is in imminent danger of being shut down. It has been online since 1995, but the personal circumstances of the owner, Malcolm Farnsworth, are such that economies have to be made. Server costs and suchlike have become prohibitive. At the urging of people online, I have agreed to see if Patreon provides a solution. More information is available at the Patreon website. If you are able to contribute even $1.00/month to keep the site running, please click the Patreon button below.

Become a Patron!

Steve Bracks Responds To The Independents’ Charter

This is the text of the response from Steve Bracks to the Independents’ Charter, following the 1999 Victorian state election.

The election resulted in a hung parliament, threatening the third-term re-election of the Kennett Coalition government. One seat remained undecided, due to the death of the sitting member. Pending the supplementary election, the three independent members – Susan Davies, Russell Savage and Craig Ingram – negotiated with Kennett and Bracks, submitting a Charter to both sides.

A.L.P. Response to the Independents’ Charter Victoria 1999

Ms Susan Davies MP
Independent Member for Gippsland West

Dear Ms Davies

I write to formally respond to your letter of the 1 October 1999 incorporating an amended copy of the Independent’s Charter Victoria 1999.

I am pleased to indicate that I support the Charter in its entirety and seek to outline in detail how a Bracks’ Labor Government could implement it in full.

I join with you in expressing a commitment to providing stable, open and accountable government which is able to work productively for the people of Victoria.

It is the policy of the Victorian Labor Party to implement reform in order to revitalise Victoria’s democratic institutions, increase community participation in decision making, and strengthen the power of key independent watchdogs.

At the broader level I am pleased to say that the four points listed in the Charter formed the basis of Labor’s election campaign and policy development process. The majority of Victorians who voted for the Victorian Labor Party did so on the understanding that they were voting for a Bracks Labor Government that would:

  • Promote open and accountable government;
  • Improve the democratic operation of parliament;
  • Establish clear plans, strategies and targets to address the urgent needs of Rural Victoria; and
  • Introduce an improved code of conduct between government and all other Members of Parliament.

In respect to the relationship between a Bracks’ Government and Independent Members of Parliament the record of Victorian Labor in working with Independent Members and encouraging their full participation in the democratic process over the last four years stands as a testament to our respect for all Members of the Parliament and the communities they represent.

This formal response will detail my position on the Charter and how I intend to implement both its detail and its spirit in the event of your support.

1. Promoting open and accountable government

I have campaigned and fought for the creation of open and accountable government in Victoria for many years. It is my greatest priority to ensure that the Victorian community has its respect for our democratic institutions and system of government restored. I believe that if a Bracks’ Labor Government were in a position to implement this Charter that we would see a transformation of our Government and the community’s relationship with it.

1.1 (a) Restore the role, function and resources of the Auditor-General by repealing the Audit (Amendment) Act 1997

(b) Have future appointments to the position of Auditor General be made on the recommendation of the joint Parliamentary Public Accounts and Estimates Committee

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

  • The repeal of the Audit (Amendment) Act 1997;
  • The restoration of the powers of the Auditor-General to conduct audits in his own right;
  • The enshrining of the independence of the Office of the Auditor-General in the Victorian Constitution;
  • An increase in recurrent funding of $2 million to be provided to the Office of the Auditor-General in accordance with policy released during the campaign;
  • Having all future appointments to the office of Auditor-General be made on the recommendation of the Joint Parliamentary Public Accounts and Estimates Committee; and
  • Introducing these changes as the first item of legislation passed by a Bracks’ Labor Government.

1.2 Rebuild the Freedom of Information Act

(a) Reducing the restrictions on access to documents on the grounds of “cabinet confidentiality”

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

    • Ending the ability of Ministers and Departments claiming a Cabinet exemption for documents that are merely attached to Cabinet documents for the purpose of avoiding release.

(b) Removing restrictions based on “commercial confidentiality” (to the extent of the New Zealand Act)

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

      • Removing the exemptions based on commercial confidentiality in accordance with the New Zealand Act;
      • Have all contracts for the delivery of services to the community on behalf of the Government released. These contracts will also be published and posted on the internet; and
      • The Public Accounts and Estimates Committee’s report into commercial confidentiality should have been released prior to the State Election. Labor representatives of the Committee will ensure that the report will be released promptly.

(c) Removing obstructions such as excessive costs and appeals against document release

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

      • Removing the $170 appeal fee imposed by the Government to appeal from a refusal by a Government Department to respond to a request (known as a deemed refusal);
      • Amend the Act to compel Ministers to provide an explanation to the House as to why they have determined that the public interest is served by appealing from a decision of the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal to release documents;
      • Repeal changes to the Freedom of Information Act that require a full Tribunal Hearing before any documents that include the names of public servants or third parties are released to the applicant; and
      • Capping appeal and applicant costs for Freedom of Information requests for the term of the next Parliament.

(d) Reducing time-gaps permissible before providing documents

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

      • Adhere to the Freedom of Information Act’s requirement to respond to all requests within the 45 day time limit set down in the Act; and
      • Establish internal disciplinary procedures for public servants who fail to comply with the Act.

1.3 Ensure that budget documents are properly comparable from one year to the next, by including parallel information in both formats where a format change is deemed desirable

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

      • Ensure that budget information is consistent with previous formats to allow for full and transparent comparison by including parallel information in both formats where a format change is deemed desirable;
      • Empowering the Auditor-General to report and comment on the information provided in the budget papers on budget day; and
      • Providing regular budget updates to ensure that the Budget papers remain contemporary and accurate.

1.4 Adhere to the ideals of freedom of speech by:

(a) affirming the principles that debate and dissent are legitimate aspects of a democratic political system

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

      • Affirm the principles that debate and dissent are legitimate aspects of a democratic political system;
      • Move a motion in the Victorian Parliament to express the Legislature’s support for these principles;
      • Leading a Government that promotes debate as the key to better policy making and outcomes for the people of Victoria; and
      • Regular meetings of the Cabinet as a “Community Cabinet” in regional and rural Victoria.

(b) removing restrictions on the freedom of speech of those employed under government contract.

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

      • Abolition of teaching standing orders that silence teachers on matters of education policy;
      • Abolition of clauses in funding contracts that limit public comment by community organisations to enable free debate and ensure the community is confident of the adequacy of existing services; and
      • Introduce legislation to protect whistleblowers in the public service.

1.5 Clearly establish the independence of the Director of Public Prosecutions and the Police Commissioner

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

      • Restore the power of the Director of Public Prosecution to bring contempt of court proceedings independent of the Attorney-General and Solicitor-General;
      • Enshrine the independence of the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in the Victorian Constitution;
      • Abolish contracts and performance bonuses for the Chief Commissioner of Police and other members of the Victorian Police Force; and
      • Lead a Government that recognises the independence of the Office of the Chief Commissioner and does not interfere with the exercise of the operational functions of the Victorian Police Force.

1.6 Establish a Judicial Inquiry into the Ambulance contracts/Intergraph issue.

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

      • Establishing a Judicial Inquiry under the Evidence Act into the Ambulance/Intergraph issue. I have attached a draft terms of reference for your consideration.

1.7 Consult with interested parties within the community before developing new legislation

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

      • The consultative and inclusive style of Government that consults with the Victorian community prior to the development of new legislation (and policy) rather than briefing after the finalisation of a decision;
      • Regular meetings of the Cabinet as a “Community Cabinet” in regional and rural Victoria;
      • Establish a new mechanism for consultation between the Government and Regional and Country Victoria (as noted in paragraph 1.4 above);
      • Accepting the legitimate role of advocacy in public debate;
      • Desisting from personal vilification of community leaders; and
      • Reinstatement of the Victorian Law Reform Commission to promote community discussion and debate on law reform.

2. Improving the democratic operation of Parliament

I am personally committed to transforming Parliament into an open and democratic forum for the exchange of ideas and the scrutiny of the Executive Government.

(1) Reform the Legislative Council

(a) Abolishing the current 6-8 year terms, so that all Members face 4 year terms

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Introducing a fixed date for four year terms for the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council with elections being held simultaneously.

(b) Adopting a proportional representation system

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • The introduction of proportional representation for the Legislative Council with five seven member provinces electing 35 members of the Legislative Council;
  • The introduction of legislation to give effect to this reform in the Legislative Assembly in the Spring session of 1999;
  • In the event of the blocking of this Bill by the Legislative Council refer the legislation to the Constitutional Commission for consideration of putting a question by way of plebiscite to the Victorian community; and
  • Actively campaign for the introduction of proportional representation in the Upper House until such time as it is achieved.

(c) Establish standing committees to review legislation and the operation of Government (similar to the operation of the Senate)

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to :

  • The establishment of properly resourced standing committees to review legislation and the operation of Government on behalf of the Victorian Parliament.

(2) Revise both sessional and standing orders of parliament

(a) A requirement that Ministers actually answer questions during question time

As Premier in the Bracks’ Labor Government I personally commit to the following:

  • Instructing all Ministers to answer questions directly and in a manner that does not waste the time of the Parliament; and
  • Lead by example, by answering all questions specifically with the required detail to fully inform Members of the Parliament of the issue raised.

(b) A minimum number of sitting days per year

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Require that the Victorian Parliament sit a minimum of 50 days per year for the next term of Government.

(c) More questions on each sitting day (minimum number of questions)

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • A minimum of ten questions per question time.

(d) More grievance and issues of public importance debates

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • The introduction of a minimum of three grievance debates in a Parliamentary session; and
  • The introduction of issues of public importance debates on every Parliamentary sitting day other than on a day when grievance debates are held.

(e) The opening up of opportunities to debate private member’s bill and petitions

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Providing specific opportunities by way of agreement to debate private member’s bills; and
  • Refer the suggestion of a debate to be introduced for petitions to the Standing Orders Committee of the Parliament.

(3) Alter the Constitution so governments serve fixed four-year terms unless interrupted by a vote of no confidence.

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Introduce legislation to alter the constitution to fix four year terms unless interrupted by a vote of no confidence.

(4) Establish a Victorian Constitutional Commission to conduct a thorough review of the Constitution and Parliament

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Establish a Victorian Constitutional Commission of eminent persons, representative of the Victorian community, to review the Constitution and if required prepare a series of questions to be put to the Victorian people through a referendum or like mechanism.

3. Establishing clear plans, strategies and targets to address the urgent needs of Rural Victoria

I am personally committed to Labor’s vision of growing the whole of the State and joining our regional towns and cities with each other through infrastructure projects and programs that put people first.

  1. Improved regional employment opportunities
  2. Improve rural infrastructure such as roads, rail, water power and gas
  3. Rural health, education, police, emergency services, environment and human services

Labor’s policies are committed to ending the neglect of regional and rural communities and placing the public interest before economic policies that do not work for the whole of the State. In particular the following is a list of initiatives that are clear evidence of a Bracks’ Labor Government’s commitment to rural and regional Victoria:

  • Revive regional economies through our Regional Infrastructure Development Fund;
  • Upgrade the Office of Rural Affairs and create a new Department of State and Regional Development and a Ministry of Regional Development;
  • Directly assist 70,000 unemployed Victorians statewide into the workforce by boosting traineeships, apprenticeships, labour market programs and community infrastructure projects;
  • Upgrade key regional rail links;
  • Inject $120 million to fix accident blackspots in Country Victoria from a once off special dividend from the TAC;
  • Reform case mix hospital funding in recognition of the different needs and circumstances of regional and rural hospitals;
  • Boost ambulance services in regional and rural Victoria;
  • Establish a Victorian Major Events Company;
  • Abolish the Catchment Management Authority Tax whilst providing the equivalent funding to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment to undertake the function through the Catchment Management Advisory Committees;
  • Increase police numbers by 800;
  • Invest in education through Labor’s Country Schools Plan and TAFE Regional Funding Differential;
  • Cap electricity prices by introducing a maximum uniform electricity tariff;
  • Abolish Compulsory Competitive Tendering;
  • Boost employment in new and emerging industries through Labor’s Regional Call Centre Attraction Program and the establishment of new high tech regional televillages;
  • Increase support for new industry development;
  • Keep Victorian Water Authorities in public hands; and
  • Establish a multi-party review into the contracting out of services, to report within six months as to whether the system should continue or be wound down as contracts expire.
  1. Local Government

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

  • Leading a Government that recognises that Local Government is a separate, democratically elected entity which is responsible primarily to the community it services;
  • Limit the suspension and dismissal of councils and councillors to cases of corruption or other serious failure;
  • Ensure that the Chief Executive Officer of Councils is solely answerable for their performance to the elected council and not the Minister for Local Government;
  • Legislate to abolish compulsory competitive tendering;
  • Give Local Councils greater powers in relation to proposals to establish new gaming venues or brothels in their municipalities;
  • Give Local Government the authority to independently manage their own finances and the affairs of the municipality; and
  • An amendment to the Victorian Constitution to properly recognise local government and safeguard its democratic processes.

4. Assurances for Independent Members

I have always attempted to build a relationship with all Members of Parliament regardless of their political affiliation in respect for their responsibilities and commitment to their constituents and the Victorian public.

I and my Parliamentary Labor colleagues have also forged a special relationship with Independent Members of Parliament in light of our mutual interests and in recognition of the particular difficulties confronted by Independent Members and our shared opposition to the degradation of community services in regional and rural Victoria.

I give the commitment to work with Independent Members, not based upon the balance of the current Parliament, rather on my own personal dedication to work with those who share a commitment to providing the best representation they can to the community they represent.

(1)Treat all members of Parliament, including Independent Members, with courtesy and respect

I give a personal commitment to continue the positive, courteous, constructive and honest relationship that I have with Independent Members of Parliament.

(2) Allocate Independents a higher level of staffing and resources in order to assist them in dealing with their significantly greater level of responsibility

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Increasing the resources of the Independent Members of Parliament and elected as such, to provide for increased staffing and improved facilities commensurate with the responsibility those members have in holding the balance of power and representing their substantial electorates; and
  • Review those arrangements in accordance with the experience of Independent Members during the course of the next term of Government.

(3) Allocate a senior member of the Premier’s staff with the responsibility for ensuring that Independents have access to Ministers, key public servants and the Premier

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • Providing a senior member of the Premier’s staff to act as an Independent Members’ Liaison Officer with the responsibility to be available to Independent Members and to facilitate access to Ministers, key public servants and the Premier.

(4) Construct an ongoing consultative mechanism with Independents

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to the following:

  • By agreement with Independent Members of Parliament establish a mechanism that provides for a bi-lateral system of consultation designed to inform, discuss and negotiate on any planned legislation which requires the agreement of the independents;
  • Brief Independent Members prior to Parliamentary sessions on the likely Government plan for the upcoming session of Parliament in order to consider general direction of that program;
  • Provide Independent Members access to Statutory Authorities and Boards to obtain advice and information on the operation of those bodies;
  • Provide Independent Members with Bill specific briefings by Government Departments including impact statements of the expected outcome of the proposed legislation; and
  • Provide Independent Members with ongoing briefings on the actual impact of legislation following passage through the Parliament on request.

(5) Privatisation

I commit a Bracks’ Labor Government to:

  • The end of the privatisation of public activities until a full independent inquiry has reported to Parliament on the social and economic costs and benefits of planned and existing privatisations.

(6) Statement of intent for Legislative program

It is my view that it is important that I detail the key elements of Labor’s legislative program for the coming Parliamentary session in order to obtain in principle support for the key tenets of Labor’s legislative agenda.

At this time you have been provided with a copy of all Labor’s policies released prior to the State Election.

You would be aware my key priorities are to introduce democratic reform, improve education and health services to the Victorian community and implement a growth agenda for rural and regional Victoria. In particular my legislative program for the coming session of Parliament will include:

  • A Bill to repeal the 1997 Audit (Amendment) Act and restore the powers of the Auditor-General;
  • A Bill to amend the Freedom of Information Act to increase access to public documents;
  • A Bill to restore the independence of the Director of Public Prosecutions;
  • A Bill to establish a Regional Infrastructure Development Fund to provide for infrastructure projects in regional and rural Victoria;
  • A Bill to reform the Upper House of the Victorian Parliament;
  • A Bill to restore the common law rights of seriously injured workers;
  • A Bill to amend the Local Government Act to provide increased powers and autonomy for Local Councils;
  • A Bill to establish an Essential Services Commission;
  • A Bill to abolish the Catchment Management Authority tax; and
  • A Bill to abolish Compulsory Competitive Tendering.

I acknowledge and respect your right to vote on all legislation in accordance with the needs of your electorates. I also however seek your support for the general thrust and principle behind this Legislative program in order to make it clear to the Governor that your support for Labor’s legislative program is able to be achieved after proper negotiation.


In our discussions I have been delighted by the commitment and courage you have demonstrated in demanding reform of Victoria’s political system to ensure more open and accountable government.

The Charter reflects the commitment of myself to actively work towards a different style of leadership in Victoria that harnesses different views and embraces public debate in developing better policy and outcomes for ordinary Victorians.

I have a personal view that, if Labor were to form Government with the support of Independent Members, power in Victoria would be firmly placed back into the hands of our community. I have an absolute commitment to restore pride back in Victoria and provide stable, open and honest government.

It is also important to note that Labor’s determination to implement the Charter will extend to administrative actions outside the Legislative process in line with the Party’s longstanding policy commitments.

I believe Labor can work with Independent Members to further the interests of the State and I look forward to ongoing discussions in respect to these issues.

In the event of your support I would be happy to provide a formal Memorandum of Understanding for your consideration.

Kind regards


Victorian Labor Leader

Print Friendly, PDF & Email