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1990 Federal Election: Two-Party-Preferred Statistics

The 1990 Federal Election joins a select list of federal elections where the party or parties that won a majority of the two-party-preferred vote failed to win the election.

The other elections were 1998, 1969, 1961 and 1954.

The Hawke Labor government was elected with 49.90% of the two-party-preferred vote. It secured 78 of the 148 seats (52.70%) in the House of Representatives. Thus, its exaggerated majority is 2.8%.

The ALP secured a majority of the two-party vote in two States (NSW & Queensland) and both Territories. There was an overall swing against the ALP of 0.9%.

Two-Party-Preferred Statistics 1990
House of Representatives – Summary
State ALP Votes ALP % L/NP Votes L/NP % Total Votes Exhausted Votes
New South Wales 1,744,666
3,346,512 8,159
Victoria 1,216,633
2,563,681 3,449
Queensland 837,508
1,668,523 3,074
Western Australia 420,816
892,908 1,791
South Australia 441,659
892,162 1,592
Tasmania 138,556
289,265 239
Australian Capital Territory 93,498
159,704 358
Northern Territory 37,498
68,148 109
Australia 4,930,834
9,880,903 18,771


Source: Australian Electoral Commission publications


Bob Hogg: 1990 Federal Election Analysis

Bob Hogg, National Secretary of the ALP, has addressed the National Press Club on the outcome of the 1990 Federal Election.

The complete audio of Hogg’s speech and answers to questions is available here. The transcript only covers the questions.

  • Listen to Bob Hogg

This is a transcript of the question and answer session following Bob Hogg’s National Press Club Address.

AMANDA BUCKLEY (Daily Telegraph): Mr Hogg, I want to ask you about the heavy cost of TV election ads. You were trying to get them knocked off before the election, and I’m wondering in retrospect, whether you’re glad you failed, considering you think that they were pretty effective. Will you be trying again before the next election, and how much did they end up costing you, overall? [Read more…]

ABC Radio 1990 Election Night Broadcast

As is its regular practice, the ABC broadcast live and continuous coverage of election counting on March 24, 1990.

The broadcast was hosted by John Highfield. Also appearing were Paul Murphy and the South Australian academic, Dean Jaensch. [Read more…]

Ballot Paper: Higgins 1990

This is an example of a ballot paper from the 1990 federal election.

The ballot paper is from the Victorian electorate of Higgins. A safe Liberal seat, Higgins had been represented by Roger Shipton since 1975. Earlier it was held by two Liberals who became prime minister: Harold Holt (1949-67) and John Gorton (1968-75).

Costello won the election with 56.3% of the primary vote and 61.8% of the two-party-preferred vote. [Read more…]

Bob Hawke: Pre-Election National Press Club Address

This is the official transcript of Prime Minister Bob Hawke’s National Press Club Address.

The Address was delivered on the Wednesday before the March 24 Federal Election.

Hawke’s Labor government was re-elected to a fourth term in office, despite a swing against it. The swing was especially strong in Victoria but losses there were compensated for by gains in other states. [Read more…]

‘Give A Damn’ – Janine Haines Australian Democrats Advertisement

This is an Australian Democrats television advertisement from the 1990 Federal Election.

It features the Democrats leader Janine Haines. The theme of the party’s campaign in the election was “Give a Damn”.

Haines was first appointed to a casual vacancy in the Senate in 1977. She served until June 30, 1978 and was elected in her own right in 1980. In 1986, she succeeded Don Chipp as leader of the Australian Democrats.

In 1990, Haines attempted to shift to the House of Representatives via the South Australian electorate of Kingston but she was unsuccessful. She died in 2004, at age 59.

Bob Hawke’s 1990 Federal Election Policy Speech

The 1990 Federal Election saw Bob Hawke’s Labor government facing a difficult task to secure its fourth consecutive election victory.

HawkeA recession took its toll on the government’s electoral stocks. Hawke’s deputy and Treasurer, Paul Keating, had described is as “the recession we had to have”.

Hawke won the election. A last-minute appeal to the environmental vote and a strategy to secure second preferences enabled the ALP to win, despite losing the two-party-preferred vote on 49.90%. The ALP’s primary vote fell from 45.8% to 39.4%. [Read more…]