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1993 Federal Election: Final Day Video

The 1993 Federal election ended with uncertainty about the outcome.

Most commentators were pessimistic about Labor’s chances in the election. They foresaw an end to Paul Keating’s prime ministership and an unlosable election for John Hewson.

This video is an episode of the ABC’s Lateline on Thursday, March 11, 1993. Compered by Kerry O’Brien, it reviews the campaign and features a discussion between Sydney Morning Herald columnist Alan Ramsey, ANOP pollster Rod Cameron and social researcher Hugh Mackay.

The following videos are all from Friday, March 12, 1993. They show the emerging doubt as opinion polls began to show a comeback for the ALP.

The election eventually resulted in an ALP victory. Its primary vote increased 5.49% to 44.92%. Its two-party-preferred vote increased 1.54% to 51.44%. Keating improved his majority in the House of Representatives with a net gain of 2 seats, defeating the Coalition by 80 seats to 67, with 2 independents.

  • Channel 10 Melbourne News – 5pm:

  • Channel 9 Melbourne News – 6pm:

  • Alan Sunderland – SBS Dateline:

  • An embarrassing attempt at satire – not sure what channel this was on:

  • Clarke & Dawe on Channel 9’s A Current Affair:

  • The 7.30 Report: Paul Lyneham sums up and assorted commentators opine:

 


Hewson Talks To Hinch

This is Opposition Leader John Hewson’s interview with Derryn Hinch, two days before the 1993 federal election.

The interview was conducted on Channel 10.

It was one of Hewson’s last major interviews before his unexpected election defeat on March 13.

  • Watch Hewson and Hinch (17m)
  • Listen to the interview (17m)

As Election Day Nears, Paul Keating Addresses The National Press Club

With his government struggling in the polls, Prime Minister Paul Keating appeared at the National Press Club on March 11, 1993, two days before the federal election.

Keating’s address is notable for its focus on Opposition Leader John Hewson’s Fightback! plan, particularly its 15% Goods and Services Tax. But Keating’s attack on Hewson is broader than just the GST. He talks of industrial relations, Medicare and a host of other policies. The address is a masterclass in Keating’s ability to construct a cohesive story around a disparate range of policies.

Keating also attacks Hewson for refusing to appear at the Press Club, breaking what was then a 20-year election tradition. [Read more…]


Keating Still Confident In Final Week Of Election Campaign

On March 9, 1993, it appeared that Paul Keating was heading for defeat in the Federal Election.

This news report, shown on the ABC’s 7pm television bulletin, captures the mood of those final days.

Outwardly, Keating is confident and pulling out all stops. Sections of the ALP, especially in Queensland, are worried about the polls.

The Liberals believe they are on the verge of a famous victory and an end to ten years of Labor government under Hawke and Keating. Opposition Leader John Hewson is holding public rallies around the country and chanting slogans.

Four days later, the ALP increased its primary vote, its two-party-preferred vote and its majority in the House of Representatives. Keating had his true believers victory.

Look for future Treasurer Wayne Swan standing next to Queensland Premier Wayne Goss, and future Victorian Premier Ted Baillieu at a public rally with John Hewson.



Liberal Party Video: Fightback!

The Liberal Leader of the Opposition, Dr. John Hewson, released his Fightback! policy in November 1991.

The centrepiece of the plan was a 15% Goods and Services Tax (GST).

Prime Minister Bob Hawke responded clumsily to Fightback! and this contributed to his toppling by Paul Keating in December 1991.

Negative reaction to Fightback! led to Hewson removing food from the GST and relaunching Fightback! in December 1992. [Read more…]


In Final Question Time Before 1993 Election, Keating Lashes Hewson On Fightback!

This is a video extract from the final Question Time in the House of Representatives for 1992.

Prime Minister Paul Keating took questions on the Opposition’s Fightback! policy, particularly the proposed 15% Goods and Services Tax.

Opposition Leader John Hewson had revised his original version of Fightback! and removed food from the GST.

The video is taken from the ABC’s Order in the House program broadcast on December 20, 1992. The program was presented by Maxine McKew who would go on to defeat John Howard in Bennelong in 2007.

The Parliament did not meet again before the 1993 federal election took place on March 13. Keating’s ALP was re-elected with an increased majority. Hewson stayed in the Liberal leadership for another year before losing a challenge from Alexander Downer.



Keating Blasts The Old Fogies Of The Liberal Party And The Cultural Cringe Of The 1950s

This is Prime Minister Paul Keating’s response to a question about the supposed “golden age” of the 1950s. It occurred in the House of Representatives on February 27, 1992.

The question permitted Keating to make one of his most vitriolic attacks on the Liberal Party, its founding leader, Sir Robert Menzies, and the cultural cringe.

Keating had been prime minister for just over two months, following his overthrow of Bob Hawke on December 19, 1991.

The Dorothy Dix question put to Keating was the tenth for the day and was asked by Daryl Melham, the first-term Labor member for the NSW seat of Banks. Melham held Banks until he was defeated in the 2013 federal election. [Read more…]


Paul Keating: 60 Minutes Profile

Paul Keating became Prime Minister of Australia on December 20, 1991, following his defeat of Bob Hawke in an ALP caucus ballot.

This video is a Channel 9 60 Minutes profile of the new prime minister. It is in two parts, the first a personal and family profile, the second a political interview. The reporter is Jennifer Byrne.

Keating makes it clear that this was to be one of the few occasions he would permit the media to film his family. He defends their right to privacy and makes the point that his is the only Keating name on the ballot paper.

A year after this interview, Keating defeated Opposition Leader John Hewson in the 1993 Federal election. In this interview he is already practising the lines he used against Hewson.



Wills By-Election Campaign Begins

Bob Hawke was the Labor member for the Melbourne electorate of Wills from 1980 until his resignation on February 20, 1992.

In this ABC News report on February 23, we can see that the major political parties were quick to begin their campaigns for the by-election.

The by-election was held on April 11, 1992. It was won by Phil Cleary, an independent. Cleary is the only non-Labor member to have held the Coburg-based seat since it was created in 1949.

Cleary’s election was declared void by the High Court on November 25, 1992 on the grounds that he was still an employee of the Victorian Education Department at the time of his election, in breach of Section 44 of the Constitution. He was re-elected at the 1993 Federal Election but was defeated in 1996.

The video features Deputy Prime Minister Brian Howe and Opposition Leader John Hewson.

 


Keating And Hewson Exchange Words Over Death Of Kerr

Sir John Kerr died in Sydney on March 24, 1991.

The former Governor-General, responsible for the Dismissal of the Whitlam government on November 11, 1975, was 76.

During the Condolence motion in the House of Representatives, the then Treasurer, Paul Keating, intervened in the debate after hearing the Opposition Leader, Dr. John Hewson, speak.

Audio and video of Hewson and Keating appears below. [Read more…]