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Long Tan Commemoration: Cosgrove And Turnbull Pay Tribute On 50th Anniversary Of Vietnam Battle

The Governor-General and the Prime Minister have each spoken at the 50th anniversary commemoration service of Long Tan.

The service was held in Canberra this morning. It commemorated the 50th anniversary of the battle at Long Tan on August 18, 1966. Eighteen Australian soldiers from the 1st Australian Task Froce were killed and twenty-four wounded in the conflict. It is estimated that the Viet Cong lost at least 245 soldiers.

Cosgrove

The battle took place near a rubber plantation. There were 105 soldiers involved, including a contingent from New Zealand.

In his speech, the Governor-General, who served in Vietnam, drew attention to the treatment meted out to Vietnam veterans at the time and since. He lamented that even veterans organisations did not respond well to the service of Australian soldiers in the controversial war. [Read more…]


Quiz: Australian Prime Ministers At War

Australian Prime Ministers (2)

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Question 1
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 1?
A
Alfred Deakin
B
Andrew Fisher
C
Joseph Cook
D
William Morris Hughes
Question 1 Explanation: 
Joseph Cook was Liberal Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 1. Australia was in the middle of an election campaign when war was declared. Cook was defeated by the ALP's Andrew Fisher who is now remembered for promising that Australia would fight to its "last man and its last shilling".
Question 2
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War 2?
A
Joseph Lyons
B
Earle Page
C
Robert Menzies
D
Arthur Fadden
Question 2 Explanation: 
Robert Menzies was prime minister at the outbreak of World War 2 in September 1939. Menzies assumed the position earlier in the year following the death of Joe Lyons and a brief period under Earle Page.

Menzies governed for just over 2 years before being forced to resign. He was replaced by Arthur Fadden, who held office for 40 days until he was voted out by the House of Representatives and John Curtin formed a Labor government.
Question 3
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of the Korean War?
A
Ben Chifley
B
Robert Menzies
C
Harold Holt
D
John Gorton
Question 3 Explanation: 
Menzies was prime minister when the Korean War began in 1950. It was just six months since Menzies had defeated the Labor government led by Ben Chifley.

17,000 Australian troops fought in the war, under the command of the United Nations. The war ended with an armistice in 1953.
Question 4
Who was Prime Minister at the oubreak of the Vietnam War?
A
Robert Menzies
B
Harold Holt
C
John Gorton
D
William McMahon
Question 4 Explanation: 
Robert Menzies was prime minister when the Vietnam war began in 1955. He was still prime minister in 1965 when Australia committed troops to the war and introduced conscription.
Question 5
Who was Prime Minister at the out break of the Gulf War, also known as Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 5 Explanation: 
Bob Hawke was prime minister when the Gulf War began on August 2, 1990.
Operation Desert Storm ended on February 28, 1991, when Coalition forces led by the United States ended Iraq's annexation of Kuwait.
Question 6
Who was PM at the outbreak of the US war in Afghanistan, following the September 11 (9/11) attacks?
A
Paul Keating
B
John Howard
C
Kevin Rudd
D
Julia Gillard
Question 6 Explanation: 
John Howard was prime minister at the outbreak of the US attacks and invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US.

Australian forces joined the conflict during Operation Slipper in late 2001. The war was extended in 2003 when NATO forces joined. Combat operations formally ended in December 2014.
Question 7
Who was Prime Minister at the outbreak of the Iraq War, the conflict that toppled Saddam Hussein?
A
Bob Hawke
B
Paul Keating
C
John Howard
D
Kevin Rudd
Question 7 Explanation: 
John Howard was prime minister on March 20, 2003 when the Iraq War began.

The "shock and awe" invasion of Iraq by a Coalition of forces, including Australia, was led by the United States and overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. American occupation of Iraq ended in 2011.
Question 8
Who was Prime Minister when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour in World War 2?
A
Robert Menzies
B
Arthur Fadden
C
John Curtin
D
Ben Chifley
Question 8 Explanation: 
John Curtin was prime minister on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour and precipitated the entry of the United States into the war.

Curtin had been prime minister for exactly two months when the attack took place.
Question 9
Who was prime minister when the Berlin Wall fell?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 9 Explanation: 
Bob Hawke was prime minister when the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989.
Question 10
Who was prime minister when the Soviet Union disintegrated?
A
Malcolm Fraser
B
Bob Hawke
C
Paul Keating
D
John Howard
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Soviet Union was dissolved on December 26, 1991. Paul Keating had been prime minister for six days, having defeated Bob Hawke in a leadership challenge on December 19.
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There are 10 questions to complete.