Aside from the Coalition, ALP and Greens, 47 parties contested the Senate at July’s double dissolution election.
Just 8 of the 47 parties polled above 1% nationally. Five of these 8 parties elected senators: Pauline Hanson’s One Nation (4 senators), Nick Xenophon Team (3), Liberal Democrats (1), Derryn Hinch’s Justice Party (1) and Family First (1). The Shooters, Fishers and Farmers, the Christian Democrats and the Animal Justice Party did not elect any of their candidates.
There were 39 parties that nominated candidates in at least one state or territory but failed to poll above 0.74%. Fourteen failed to even reach 0.1% nationally and did only marginally better in individual states. Another 25 polled between 0.14%-0.74%.
The Jacqui Lambie Network was the only party in the latter group that managed to elect a senator. Lambie polled just 0.50% nationally, but she only ran candidates in three states and polled a full quota in her own right in Tasmania. With 8.30% of the vote, Lambie won a place in the first group of senators who will receive six-year terms.
The election of Derryn Hinch in Victoria is somewhat comparable to Lambie. His party only polled 1.93% nationally, and less than 1% in all states except Victoria, where Hinch secured election off a primary base of 6.05%.
The combined Coalition-ALP-Greens vote was 73.62%, down 2.85% from the 2013 result. This delivered 65 of the 76 Senate positions (85.5%) to these three groups.
The remaining 26.38% of the vote was split between 47 parties. These parties won the remaining 11 seats (14.4%).
Independent and ungrouped candidates below-the-line received just 0.18% of the vote.
The figures in the table below are consistent with the previous election. In 2013, there were 46 parties that polled less than 1% each.
The overall proportion of the vote flowing to the Coalition, ALP and Greens fell once again at the 2016 election. It fuels the argument that voters are disillusioned with the major parties and looking for alternatives. However, the figures indicate that this is a simplistic analysis.
Voters have failed to coalesce around more than a handful of minor and micro parties. Outside the top 11 groups, the votes for other parties are derisory. The so-called fragmentation of support for the major political groups is more than matched by a fragmented voter rebellion.
Group voting tickets were abolished for this election. Without them, all but a handful of parties were incapable of winning seats. Those elected more closely represent the parties with the highest primary votes. The Family First party in South Australia elected Bob Day from the lowest primary vote of 2.87%.
Preferences were crucial to the success of One Nation, Family First and the Liberal Democrats. The analysis of preference flows shows that voters have largely ignored how-to-vote cards. At the very least, they have been followed only haphazardly. Left to their own devices, without the manipulation of group voting tickets, voters tended to move towards parties of the right.
- 2013 Senate Primary Votes – State-by-State Breakdown
- 2016 House of Representatives Primary Votes – State-by-State Breakdown
|2016 Senate Election – Votes for Parties/Groups by States/Territories|
|Liberal/National (Joint Ticket)||2,769,426|
|Liberal National Party (LNP-Qld)||960,467|
|Country Liberals (NT)||37,156|
|Australian Labor Party||4,123,084|
|Pauline Hanson’s One Nation||593,013|
|Nick Xenophon Team||456,369|
|Derryn Hinch’s Justice Party||266,607|
|Shooters, Fishers and Farmers||192,923|
|Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group)||162,155|
|Animal Justice Party||159,373|
|Australian Liberty Alliance||102,982|
|Democratic Labour Party (DLP)||94,510|
|Australian Sex Party||94,262|
|Health Australia Party||85,233|
|Jacqui Lambie Network||69,074|
|Drug Law Reform||61,327|
|Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party||53,232|
|Katter’s Australian Party||53,123|
|Glenn Lazarus Team||45,149|
|The Arts Party||37,702|
|Rise Up Australia Party||36,424|
|Renewable Energy Party||29,983|
|Science Party/Cyclists Party||29,934|
|Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP)||29,510|
|Palmer United Party||26,210|
|Australian Cyclists Party||24,276|
|Voluntary Euthanasia Party||23,252|
|Seniors United Party of Australia||22,213|
|Online Direct Democracy – (Empowering the People!)||11,857|
|Secular Party of Australia||11,077|
|Citizens Electoral Council||9,850|
|Australian Country Party||9,316|
|Socialist Equality Party||7,865|
|John Madigan’s Manufacturing and Farming Party||5,268|
|Australia First Party (NSW) Incorporated||3,005|
|Australian Recreational Fishers Party||2,376|
|Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)||2,102|