List of Australian Prime Ministers Since 1901

This table shows all of Australia’s 28 Prime Minister in order of their terms in office.

Some interesting facts:

  • There have been 28 Prime Ministers and 44 elections up to 2013.
  • The 28 Prime Ministers have served 34 separate terms of office.
  • 11 Prime Ministers have been defeated at a general election: Deakin, Fisher, Cook, Bruce, Scullin, Chifley, McMahon, Fraser, Keating, Howard, Rudd.
  • 10 Prime Ministers assumed the office through winning an election: Fisher (2), Cook, Scullin, Lyons, Menzies, Whitlam, Hawke, Howard, Rudd, Abbott.
  • There have been 22 changes of Prime Minister without an election. Reasons include:
    • defeat in Parliament: Deakin (2), Watson, Reid, Fisher, Fadden
    • party-room coups: Hughes, Menzies, Gorton, Hawke, Rudd, Gillard
    • vice-regal intervention: Whitlam
    • death: Lyons, Curtin, Holt
    • voluntary departure: Barton, Fisher, Page, Forde, McEwen, Menzies
  • There have been 7 Prime Ministers who never won an election: Watson, Reid, Page, Fadden, Forde, McEwen, McMahon.
  • There have been 10 Opposition Leaders who contested elections but never became Prime Minister: Tudor, Charlton, Evatt, Calwell, Snedden, Hayden, Peacock, Hewson, Beazley & Latham.

 

Australian Prime Ministers Since 1901 – by order of term in office
No. Name Party Began Left Length Method of Departure
1
Barton,
Edmund
Prot
01-01-01
24-09-03
2 years, 8 months, 24 days
Appointed Justice of High Court
2
Deakin,
Alfred
Prot
24-09-03
27-04-04
7 months, 4 days
Resigned Following House Amendment of Conciliation and Arbitration Bill
3
Watson,
John Christian
ALP
27-04-04
17-08-04
3 months, 21 days
Resigned Following House Amendment of Conciliation and Arbitration Bill and Governor-General’s Refusal To Dissolve House
4
Reid,
George Houston
FT
18-08-04
05-07-05
10 months, 18 days
Resigned Following House Amendment of Address-In-Reply and Governor-General’s Refusal to Dissolve House
Deakin,
Alfred
Prot
05-07-05
13-11-08
3 years, 4 months, 9 days
Defeated on Floor of House
5
Fisher,
Andrew
ALP
13-11-08
02-06-09
6 months, 21 days
Resigned Following Defeat on Floor of House and Governor-General’s Refusal to Dissolve House
Deakin,
Alfred
Lib
02-06-09
29-04-10
10 months, 28 days
Defeated at General Election
Fisher,
Andrew
ALP
29-04-10
24-06-13
3 years, 1 month, 26 days
Defeated at General Election
6
Cook,
Joseph
Lib
24-06-13
17-09-14
1 year, 2 months, 25 days
Defeated at General Election
Fisher,
Andrew
ALP
17-09-14
27-10-15
1 year, 1 month, 11 days
Resigned, Appointed High Commissioner to London
7
Hughes,
William Morris
ALP
Nat
27-10-15
09-02-23
7 years, 3 months, 14 days
Deposed as Leader
8
Bruce,
Stanley Melbourne
Nat
09-02-23
22-10-29
6 years, 8 months, 14 days
Defeated and Lost seat at General Election
9
Scullin,
James Henry
ALP
22-10-29
06-01-32
2 years, 2 months, 16 days
Defeated at General Election Following Party Split
10
Lyons,
Joseph Aloysius
UAP
06-01-32
07-04-39
7 years, 3 months, 2 days
Died in Office
11
Page,
Earle Christmas Grafton
CP
07-04-39
26-04-39
20 days
Relinquished position to new UAP Leader
12
Menzies,
Robert Gordon
UAP
26-04-39
29-08-41
2 years, 4 months, 4 days
Resigned
13
Fadden,
Arthur William
CP
29-08-41
07-10-41
1 month, 9 days
Defeated on Floor of House
14
Curtin,
John
ALP
07-10-41
05-07-45
3 years, 8 months, 29 days
Died in Office
15
Forde,
Francis Michael
ALP
06-07-45
13-07-45
8 days
Relinquished Position to New ALP Leader
16
Chifley,
Joseph Benedict
ALP
13-07-45
19-12-49
4 years, 5 months, 7 days
Defeated at General Election
Menzies,
Robert Gordon
Lib
19-12-49
26-01-66
16 years, 1 month, 8 days
Retired
17
Holt,
Harold Edward
Lib
26-01-66
19-12-67
1 year, 10 months, 23 days
Missing, Presumed Drowned
18
McEwen,
John
CP
19-12-67
10-01-68
23 days
Relinquished Position to New Liberal Leader
19
Gorton,
John Grey
Lib
10-01-68
10-03-71
3 years, 2 months
Technically resigned as leader but effectively deposed
20
McMahon,
William
Lib
10-03-71
05-12-72
1 year, 8 months, 25 days
Defeated at General Election
21
Whitlam,
Edward Gough
ALP
05-12-72
11-11-75
2 years, 11 months, 7 days
Commission Terminated by Governor-General
22
Fraser,
John Malcolm
Lib
11-11-75
11-03-83
7 years, 4 months
Defeated at General Election
23
Hawke,
Robert James Lee
ALP
11-03-83
20-12-91
8 years, 9 months, 9 days
Deposed as Leader
24
Keating,
Paul John
ALP
20-12-91
11-03-96
4 years, 2 months, 20 days
Defeated at General Election
25
Howard,
John Winston
Lib
11-03-96
03-12-07
11 years, 8 months, 22 days
Defeated and Lost Seat at General Election
26
Rudd,
Kevin Michael
ALP
03-12-07
24-06-10
2 years, 6 months, 21 days
Deposed as Leader
27
Gillard,
Julia Eileen
ALP
24-06-10
27-06-13
3 years, 3 days
Deposed as Leader
Rudd,
Kevin Michael
ALP
27-06-13
18-09-13
2 months, 22 days
Defeated at General Election
28
Abbott,
Anthony John
Lib
18-09-13
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